Europeans began to arrive in the 18th century, as the kingdom of Dahomeys were expanding their territories.
The Portuguese, the French and the Dutch established trading postsalong the coast (Porto-Novo, Ouidah, and Cotonou), and traded weapons against slaves. Slave trade ended in 1848. Then
In 1958, France granted autonomy to the Republic of Dahomey and in 1960, Aug. 1, gave them full Independence. The president who led them to Independence was Hubert Maga.