Sunday, August 29, 2010

India - A Documentary - Part 2

India - A Documentary - Part 1,Geography

Physiographic regions : India is divided into 7 physiographic regions--1. Mountains, 2.Indo-Gangetic Plain, 3. Thar Desert, 4. Deccan Plateau, 5.East Coast, 6. West Coast, 7. Bordering Seas and islands.Mountains:   Northern Himalatas, Vindya Parbat, Western Ghat and eastern Ghat.

Indo-gangetic Plains: The great plins within the rivers Indus,The Ganges, the Brahmaputra and their tributaries.

Thar desert


Saturday, August 28, 2010


India is bounded by the Arabian Seato the south-west, to the south east by bay of Bengal and Indian Ocean to the south. Kanyakumari constitutes the southern tip of the Indian Peninsula, which narrows before ending in the Indian Ocean.Southernmost part of India is Indira point in the Andaman and Nicobar Islands.The Maldives, Sri lanka and Indonesia are Island nations to the south of India with Sri lanka separated from India by a narrow channel of sea formed by Palk Strait and the Gulf of Mannar. The territorial waters of India extend into the sea to a distance of 12 nautical miles measured from the appropriate baseline. The northern frontiers of India are defined largely by the Himalayan mountain range wher its political boundaries with China, Bhutan, and Nepallie. Its western borders with Pakistan lie in the Punjab Plain and Thar deserty. In the far north east, the Chin Hills andKachin Hills, deeply forested mountainous regions, seprated India from Burma while its political border with Bangladesh is defined by the watershed region of the Indogangetic plain, the Khasi Hills and Mizo Hills.The Ganges is the longest .river originating in India and forms the Indo-gangetoc Plain. the Ganges-Brahmaputra sustem occupies most of northern , central and eastern India, while the Deccan Plateau occupiesmost of southern india. Along its western frontier is the Thar desert, which is the seventh largest desert in the world. Officially india's highest pointis K2 at 8,611m (28,251 ft), though it lies in Gilgit-baltistan , part of disputed kashmir region. Kanchenjunga in Sikkim at 8,598m (28,209 ft)is the highest pt. within India's current geographical boundaries. Climate across India ranges from equatorial in the far bsouth, to Alpine in the upper reaches of the Himalayas.    

Friday, August 27, 2010


India is a country in South Asia. It is the seventh largest country by geographical area, the second most popular country with over 1.18 billion people, and the most populous democracy in the world. The Indian peninsula is bounded by Bay of Bengal,Indian Ocean, and Arab Sea and the mainland in the northern portion is bounded by Pakistanin the west, China,Nepal and Bhutanto the north and Bangladesh and Burma to thev east. In the estimate of National Average per Capita Income using Atlas metdod (2003) the rank of india is 160th from the top and 46th from the bottom gdp per capita is 530 US$. In other methods of measurement IMF,WB,And CIA its rank as per 2007,2007 and 2008  are                 IMF.................WB....................CIA                              

Wednesday, August 25, 2010

Government of Yemen

Govt of yemen

Yemen is a presidential republic with bi-cameral legislature.Under the constitution, an elected president , an elected 301-seat house of representatives, andan appointed 111-member Shura Councilshare power. The president is the head of state , and the prime minister is the head of the govt.President Ali Abdullah Saleh became the first elected president in reunified Yemen in 1999.   


In northern Yemen industry traditionally has been based on food processing., but this subsector has suffered from poor productivity of agriculture and reliance on imported raw materials.Building materials, textiles, leather wear, jewellry, and glass making are other industries in the north.The largest industry in Southern Yemen is petroleum refining.Southern manufactures include clothing, processed food, metal products, soap, and perfumes . Industrial production accounts for 40% of GDP (1998 est).Yemen's main refinery at Aden processed 60,000 barrels of petroleumper day in 1994after sustaining damage in the civil war .Output reached 100,000barrels per day by the start of 1995 with the repair of the main pumping station and two tapping units. That year, the refinery produced 26.5 million barrels of kerosene. In 2002, Yemen's total refinery capacity is 130,000 barrels per day, most from the 120,000barrels per day capacity. Aden refinery operated by the Aden Refinary Company (ARC), and the rest from a 10,000 barrels per day refinery at Mariboperated by Yemen Hunt Oil Company. In Dec 2002, the govt signed an agreement with the Hadramawt Refinery Company, a Saudi Venture , for the construction of a 50,000-barrels per day refinery at Al Mukalla costing $450 million. yemen's considerable natural gas reserves  - estimated at 480 billion cu m (16.9 trillion cu ft), have not been developed . A liquefied natural gas project was initiated in 1995 by Total Fina Elf and several other major multinational oil companies, which established the Yemen Liquefied Natural Gas Company (Yemen LNG). To date, however, the company has not been ableto locate enough credit-worthy buyers of the output that it could sign up for the period of 20years of more generally needed to justify the large capital outlays for liquefication and port facilities, and LNG tankers. In June 2002, two US compnies, Exoon Mobil and Hunt Oil, announced they were leaving the consortium. Shortly after Yemen extended approval for an additional four years.       Refugee crisis looms in Yemen-09oct09

Monday, August 23, 2010

Agriculture-Economy of Yemen

Yemen, with its wide range of arable climatic zones, has the greatest potential for agricultural development of any nation on the Arabian Peninsula. Agriculture is an important part of economy  (accounting for 17% of GDP in 2001), despite the lack of arable land, scarcity of water, periodic droughts, and difficult terrain . Employment in the agricultural sector accounts for more than 64% of the work force , but with only 3% of its land area arable, Yemen's potential for agricultural self-sufficiency is very remote. As of 2001, Yemen imported $857.2 million in agricultural products.
traditionally, Yemen was famous for its coffee, shipped from the port of Al-Mukha, from which the English word mocha derives. The main cash crop is qat, a mild stimulant chewed by many Yemenis on a daily basis, using modern irrigation techniques, provides a level of production to nearly nearly satisfy domestic demand. As a high cost producer , Yemen is not yet able to internationally compete in marketing its produce , especially since such exports are often blocked at the borders. Agriculture out put in 1999 ( in 1,000 tons) included sorghum, 321, tomatoes, 248, wheat-144, grapes-160, bananas-88, cotton-25, coffee-12, etc.        

Uppto two third of city and peri-urban households are involved in farming 

Hirtory of Yemen

Yemen has fascinated many travelers during the last centuries. the country of Queen Saba has been for centuries the center of civilization Although the doors remained closed for sometime to the outside world, the modern Yemen gives you the opportunity to discover its much historical places specially after the re-unification that made Yemen fully opened to tourism. Confident of its prestigious past the tourist may use this recent opportunity because of its tremendous possibilities Yemen can offer such as discoveries of cultural and architectural and discoveries of landscapes and historical places.
The ancient history of the Yemeni kingdoms can be divided into two main periods.the first begins B.C. and the second begins A.D. until the European invasion of Yemen before Islam .
There are three kingdoms famous of Yemeni ancient kingdoms  MA'AIN, SHEBA and HEMIAR.
the Islam has come into Yemen within the prophet Mohamed life and within the Persian Governor of Yemen of Batham.
the modern history of Yemen begins in 1918 when north yemen gained independence from the ottoman empire. north yemen became republic in 1962, but it was not until 1967, that the british Empire, which had set up a protective areaaround the southern part of Aden in the 19th century, wirhdrew from what became south Yemen . In 1970, the southern government adopted a communist governmental system . The two countries were formally united as the Republic of Yemen on May 22, 1990.

Sunday, August 22, 2010

Yemen, Mountains and rivers

Haraz Mountain ; The haraz  mountain area is really undiscovered.There are meny trails connecting small mountai villages. Sarawat mountains of Yemen are one of the most important geogrphical features of the Arabian Peninsula. During summer mountains remain hot. 

There are no permanent major images. 

Yemen, Geography

Yemen is in the Arab World, southern half of the Arabian Peninsula, bordering the Arabian Sea, Gulf of Aden, and Red Sea. It lies south of Saudi Arabia and west of Oman.A number of islands belong to Yemen, many of which are volcanic.Jabal-al-tair had a volcanic deruption in 2007 and in 1883.It is the World's 49th largest country in the world. It is equal in size with Thailand and larger in size than Californea.It is divided geographically into four main regions: the coatal plains in the west , the western highlands, the eastern highlands, and the Rub al Khali in the east.The Tihamah (hot lands or hot earth) form a very arid and flat coastal plain.It is a very soothing ground for malaria mosquitos.The evaporation in Tihama is so great that streams from the highlands never reach the sea, but they do contribute to to extensive ground water reserves. Today, these are heavily exploited for agricultural use.Near the village of Madarabout 48km north of Sanaa dinosaur footprints were seen, indicating that the area was once a muddy flat..   

Yemen, rank

Yemen, officially the Republic of Yemen is a country located on the Arabian Peninsula in south-east Asia.It has an estimated population of 23 million people ans is bordered by Saudi Arabia to the north , Red Sea to the west, Arabian Sea and gulf of Aden to the south and Oman to the East. Its territory includes over 200 islands, the largest of which is Socotra.  Yemen is the only state in the Arabian Peninsula to have a purely republic form of Govt. Its capital is Sana'a. in yYemen , about 18% of the population live below US $1.25 a day.
Its rank from the bottom in the national average per capita Income using Atlas method is 45th just below India and from the top is 161. Its per capita income in Atlas method 2003 estimate is 520 US $. In other methods its Per capita income in IMF,WB and CIA in the estimate 2007,2007 and 2008 is 


Saturday, August 21, 2010

Economy of Papua New Guinea

Agriculture in Papua New Guinea is divided into a large subsistence sector and a smaller monetary sector for export. Agriculture's importance has steadily declined since 1985, when it made up 34% of GDP-in 2001, agriculture only contributed about 30 % of GDP. About 85% of population engages in subsistence agriculture. Subsistence crops include yams, taro, and other staple vagetables. cash crops are increasing in rural areas stimulated by govt financed development programms. Production by small farmers of coffee, copra, cocoa, and oil palm is important,
the industrial sector, contributed by the small domestic marketand the population's low purchsing powers , is largely undeveloped. industries are concentrated in industrial metals , timber processing , machinary, tools, etc. Although industrial productuion, including construction and the provision of utilities, electricity, and water, has increased to about 40%of GDP.The manufacturing component has been decreasing as p c of GDP from 9.5 %  in 1980, to 9 % in growth .