Saturday, October 31, 2009
The main Island Grande-Terre (or Mahore), geographically the oldest of the Comoros, 39 km long and 22 km wide and its highest point is Mount Benara at 2,165ft above sea level.Because of the volcanic rock, the soil is relatively rich in some areas. A coral leaf encircling much of the island ensures protection for ships and a habitat for fish.
DZaoudji was the capital of Mayotte until 1977.It is situated on Petite-Terre (or Pamanzi), whhich is of largest of several islets of adjacent to Mahore. Mayotteis a member of the Indian Ocean Commission, with a separate membership rather than as part of the Comoros.
Here is a list of 22 small islands of Mayotte.
Friday, October 30, 2009
It is the third smallest African nation by area and sixth smallest African nation by population ( nearly 8 lacs) but with one of the highest population densities in Africa.
its name is derived from Arabic word Qamar means "moon."
The country officially consists of the four big islands and many smaller islands. namely, 1. Ngazidja, Mwali, Nzwani and Mayotte.But Mayotte was never administered by the govt. of Comoros and the voted against independence of from France. France has vetoed United nations Security Council's resolutions that would affirm Comorian soverignityover the Island. In addition, a 29 March 2009 referendumon Mayotte's becoming an overseas department of France in 2011 was passed overwhelmingly by the people of Mayotte.
Comoros is one of the poorest country of the world with its rank 168 and GNI per capita, atlas method est.2003 and from the bottom 38th. In other forms of measurement IMF,WB and CIA per capita ppp method (nominal) est. 2007,2007 and 2008 respectively.
In the first round of the presidential elections, held on 5 March,Boni polled 32 %. His nearest challenger Adrien Houngbedji of the Party for Democratic renewal, polled 25%. 6 candidates contested the election, which was reported to have been peaceful and fair. A ronoff was held between Boni and Houngbedji on 19 March, Boni won with almost 75 % of the vote.
Originally he was a Muslim but now an Evangelical Protestant. He has five children and his wife a native of coastal city of Ouidah,
On March 15,2007, Yayi Boni survived an ambush on his convoy near the village of Ikemonwhile returning from an election campaign rally in the town Ouesse for the upcoming of Parliamentary election. The attackers blocked the road nd fired upon the vehicle which was meant for the President ; however the President was in a separate car and was saved. Due to cross firing some of the guards were wounded.
Thursday, October 29, 2009
Following independence, from 1961 to 1963 he was an aide-de-camp to President Hubert Maga.
When Maurice Kouandete seized power in Dec 1967, Kerekou being his cousin, was made cairman of the Military Revolutionary Council. After Kerekou attended French military schools from 1968 to 1970, maga made him a Major, deputy chief of staff, and commander of the Ouidah paratroop unit.
Kerekou seized power in Benin in a military coup on 26 October, 1972, and thus the three members presidential council ended. During his first two years in power he expressed himself as nationalist and said that the country's revolution would not "burden itself by copying foreign ideology --We donot want communism or capitalism or socialism. We have our own Dahomeansocial and cultural system." But on Nov 30, 1974, he announced the adoption of Marxism-Leninism by the state and renamed the state as Peiple's Republic of Benina year later. He nationalised the banks, petroleum Industry and formed the People's Revolutionary Party of Benin as the sole ruling Party. In 1980, he was elected president by the Revolutionary National assembly. He retired from the army on 1987.
But his move to Marxism-Leninism was mainly from a pragmatic cosideration to obtain the support of leftist radicals. Even his nationalisation could not help the country as there was no infrastructure in the country.
Kerekou survived numerous attempts to oust him, including an attack by mercenariesat the airport in Cotonou in Jan. 1977 as well as two coup attempts in 1988. Reversing his course of action, he accepted anIMF structural adjustment programm in 1989. A student strike and various strikes began to start on economic issues of increasing salary etc.
Transition to democracy
Kerekou was forced to take action to make concessions to popular demandsand arranged for election. he dropped the idea of Marxism-Leninism and re-elected as President. He arranged a national conferencein the worsenning of economic situation in 1990 which he termed a "civilian coup". During the transition his power had been curtailed and a new constitution was approved in a referendom in 1990 and a multiparty election was held in March 1991 which was lost by Kerekou securing 32 % vote in the first round to Prime Minister Soglo. Kerekou was so clever that he took the responsibility of the country's distress and apologized for "deplorable and regrettable incidents".
Kerekou reclaimed the presidency in the 1996 election winning by securing 52.5% votes in the second round defeating Soglo for five year term. He lost again on 5 March, 2006 to Yayi Boni and left office at end of his term. There are two other instances when military rulers came back to power in democratic election as Olusegun Obasanjo of Nigeria and John jery Rawlings of Ghana.
Wednesday, October 28, 2009
He became a teacher in 1935 at Natitingou and married a fellow Chistian, a nurse by profession and daughter of a prominant Brazilian of Ouidah, which was rare marriage between a northern and a southern. Maga was appointed director of the school in 1945. He along with his wife began to increase influences among the uneducated citizens.After WWII he began to work in trade unions and joined Teacher's Union of Dahomey.
Early political Career :
Maga was elected a general advisor for the Atacora region in 1945, and two years later, was appointed to the Grad council of French West Africa, in which he served until 1952. Following his election to the Dahomey territorial Assembly Maga resigned from teaching post and became vice-president of the assemblhy until 1957.
In the election of 1951, Maga got the second position where as Sourou migan Apithy (1913-1989) got the 1st position.
Sourou-Migan Apathy was a Beninese political
In the legislative elections of June ,1951, He defeated Hubert Maga , a northern candidate.
Benin was the seat of one of the great medieval African kingdoms callled Dahomey. European began arriving in the area in the eighteenth century, as the kingdom of of Dahomey was expanding its territory. Dahomey was a mixture of ethnic groupswith its culture and traditions and had a strong military strength. They are trained from young boys as apprentice. Dahomey was also famous to have an elite female soldier corps, caalled Ahosi or "our mothers."
Tuesday, October 27, 2009
The economy of Benin remains underdeveloped and dependent on subsistence agriculture, cotton production and regional trade. Cotton accounts for 40% of GDP and roughly 80% of official export receipts. Growth in real out put has averaged around 5% in the past seven years, but rapid population growth has offset much of this increase.
Inflation has subsided over the past several years, Benin uses CFA franc, which is pegged to Euro.
In order to raise growth still further, Benin plans to attract more foreign investment , place more emphasis on Tourism,facilitate the development of new food processing system and agricultural products, and encourage new information and communication technology. Projects to improve the business
climate by reforms to the land tenure system
the commercial justice system, and the financial sector were included in Benin's US$ 307 million Millennium Challenge Account Grant signed in 2006.The Paris club and bilateral creditors have eased the external debt situation, with Benin benefiting from G8 debt reduction announcement in July 2005, while passing for more structural reforms.An insufficient electric supply
continues to adversely affect Benin's economic growth though the govt. recently has taken steps to increase domestic power production.
Although trade unions in Benin represent up to 75% of the formal workforce, the large informal economy has been noted by the International Trade Union Confederation (ITCU) to contain ongoing problems, including a lack of women's wage equality, the use of child labour, and the continuing issue of forced labour.
Benin is a member of the Organisation for the Harmonization of Business law in Africa (OHADA).
Cotonou's harbour is
the only sea port and
A new port is
Cotonou and port
Novo. Benin is
connected by 2 lane asphalted roads to its neighbouring countries (Togo, Burkina Faso, Niger and Nigeria). Mobile telephone service is available across the country through various operators. ADSL connections are available in some areas.
Benin is connected to Internet by way of satellite
Increasing Commercial Presure on Land:
on standing forests and rangelands are converging factors that are causing steep increases in demand for land and in land values themselves.
Where there is uncovered water ,there is snake and fear from snake, which increases some professionals for catching fishes and doing different types of professional jobs.
The problems in the agriculture sector arise from poor transport, inadequate storage, and the inability of the farmers to provide legal evidence of land ownershipas collateral for loans. Despite these difficulties, agriculture has expanded and developed since 1994 CFA franc devaluation. In 1997,a project was started to rejuvenate the collective farms costing US $ 5 million and employing 2000 people over 5 years. The project will be run by the private sector, with foreign management of some farms.
Cotton , the main export, is ,normally grown, in
devaluation boosted output to 15,000 metric tons of lint in the 1997-98 season, though it fell again in1998-99