After Bangladesh attained independence in 1971,the new Government publicly stated its intention in 1972 to construct the Bridge and the budgetary provision was kept for the purpose in the 72-73 budget. On being invited by the Baangladesh govt. the japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA)funded a feasibility study through Nipon Koei Co. Ltd. in 1973 on the construction of a road-cum-rail bridge over the Jamuna.
The JICA study, completed in 1976, concluded that the jamuna project would cost $683 million with an economic rate of return (ERR) of only 2.6%. Considering that project is not technically and economically viable, the Govt. had abondoned the project. However, it was revived again in 1982 and commissioned a new study to determine the feasibility of transferring natural gas to western parts of the country across the Jamuna. The study concluded that an independent gas connector was not economically viable. However, the consultants made an assessment of the engineering feasibility and cost of a combined road-cum-gas trasmission bridge which intrduced the concept of a multipurpose bridge. It was estimated that a 12-km long bridge with three road lanes would cost $420 million. Upon consideration of the report, the cabinet made a decision to take immediate steps in pusuit of the project.