Monday, September 14, 2009

Bangladesh,Partition,Marxian Analysis (contd-8)

Marx delivering lecture in Hague (Holland) Congress, 1872, 1st International (1864-1876)
"One lesson I have learnt from the history of Muslims. at critical moments in their history, it is Islam that has saved Muslims and not vice versa." (Sir Muhammad Iqbal )

The world at present comprises of more than 180 countries. Pakistan appeared in the world map in Aug 1947, and became the first Islamic Country. It was not established due to any geographical conflict or territorial domination by a group of people.The ideology for which it was formed was," Two nation theory". So Two Nation Theory is not applicable in the case of Bangladesh, as Bangladesh is a new nation formed on 31 Dec, 1971 and not the eastern part of Pakistan.The then Prime Minister of India Ms. Indira Gandhi claimed that the birth of Bangladesh is the death of two nation theory....if , as said, the ideology of Pakistan came to an end in 1971, then Pakistan, at present, stands on a void ideology.
Is Bangladesh a nation ?
Stalin defined a nation as :
A nation is a historically constituted, stable community of people, formed on the basis of a common language , territory, economic life, and psychological make-up manifested in a common culture.
It goes without saying that the most of the above qualities to become a nation do not hold good for Bangladesh.
An oft repeated claim by many British and other western analyst and reporters have been that the Hindus and Muslims of the sub-continent have always been at war and there has been centuries of hatred between them. Therfore, partition was inevitable,(perhaps even historical necessity) and Pakistan can be seen as a logical outcome of that ancient animosity between the two peoples.Though some of medieval Muslim invaders and rulers engaged in acts of terror and vandalism but that was not only restricted to Bengal only and for such action the victims were Hindus and therefore it should have been the claim by Hindu Mahasabha. Moreover, in the 16th century when Akbar was the Emperor of 2/3 of the northern India his closest polical allies were the Hindu Rajputs and these Mughak-Rajput alliances continued for over 200 years.So cases of Hindu-Muslim unity took much more space in the History of India. Even in the Great Revolt of 1857, there were absolute unity between Hindu and Muslim. It was only because of "Divide and rule" imposed by British, Hindu-Muslim unity got a hair-crack which was gradually flatenned due the bad policy of the Congress. They failed to form a broad based unity during the Freedom Struggle of India except in INA . The Bourgeois leaders of the Congress couldn't form a worker's and peasants unity during the struggle.
In Bengal, the mistakes committed by the Congress were maximum by allowing the Muslim League to hold office for 10 years since 1937, though Congress won the largest number of seats in the assembly and could form a coalition with Faz-ul-Huq. At least in Bengal Calcutta riot could have been averted.
Displaced persons after Partition
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