Tuesday, September 29, 2009

Bangladesh, Post Independence

Mujib rose in East Pakistan as a student leader in Awami league and was a charismatic and forceful orator. He was an advocate of socialism and became popular for his leadership against the ethnic and institutional discrimination of Bengalis. He demanded increased provincial autonony , and became a fierce opponoents of the Military rule of Ayub Khan. At the heightening of sectional tensions , Mujib outlined a 6-point autonomy plan, which was seen as separatism in West Pakistan . He was tied in 1968 for allegedly conspiring with the Indian Govt. But was not found guilty. Despite leading his party to a major victory in 1970 elections, Mujib was not allowed to form the Government.
After talks broke down with President Yahya Khan and West Pakistani Politician Zulfikar Ali Bhutto, Mujib announced the declaration of independenc on 26 march, 1971. Susequently he was arrested and tried by Rahimuddin Khan in a military courtduring his nine month detention. An all out war with Indian aid Bangladesh became free and after his release Mujib assumed the office as a Provisional President and later Prime Minister.
A new constitution was adopted proclaiming socialism and a
secular democraacy.
Mujib, a student leader in 1949
Rahman was born in Tungipara, a village in Gopalganj district, in the Province of BengalHis father Sheikh Lutfar Rahman was a serestadar (record keeper) in Gopalganj civil court. He was the third child in a family of four daughters and two sons.
In 1929 , he was admitted in class III at Gopalganj Public School, and two years later, class IV at Madaripur Islamia High School. However he was withdrawn from school in 1934 to undergo eye-surgery, and return to school after four years. At the age 18 Mujib married Begum Fazilatnnesa who gave birth of two daughters Sheikh Hsina and Sheikh Rehana- and three sons - Sheikh Kamal,Sheikh Jamal and Sheikh Russel.
Mujib became politically active when he joined the All India Muslim students Federation in 1940. He enrolled at the Islamia College (now Maulana Azad College), a well respected College affiliated to the University of Calcutta to study law and entered students Politics there. He joined the Bengal Muslim League in 1943 and became close to H.S.Suhrawardy, a leading Muslim leader.
During this period Mujib worked actively for the League's cause of a separate Muslim state of Pakistan and in 1946 he was elected general Secretary of the Islamia College Students Union. After obtaining his degree in 1947, Mujib was one of the Muslim Politician working under Suhrawardy during the cmmunalviolence that broke out at Calcutta, in 1946 just before the paetition of India.
On his return to East Bengal, he enrolled in the Unversity of Dhaka to study law and founded the East Pakistan Muslim Students' League and became one of the most prominent student political leader. During this time Mujib developed an affinity to Socialism as the ideal to solution of mass poverty, unemployment, poor living conditions. On Jan 26, 1949, the Government declared that Urdu would be the state language of Pakistan. Though he was in Jail , Mujib encouraged fellow activist group to launch protest, strikes and undertook a hunger strike for 13 days. Mujib led the Muslimtudents in all types of agitation and he was arrested again in 1949.