Sir Stafford Cripps (1889-1952) was born in London, educated in Winchester College and and at the University of London in Chemistry. He changed his subject to law and became a barrister in 1912.
Politically he was left minded and joined Labour Party. He became Solicitor General in second labour Govt. He stood in a by-election in a labour seat. He was outspoken and socialistand strong proponent of Marxist social and economic policies. Cripps was an early advocate of a united front against the rising threat of fascism. But in 1939 he was expelled from the Labour Party for he advocated a popular front with the Communist Party, and anti-apeasement Liberals and Conservatives.
His Mission was an attempt in late March 1942, by the British Govt. to secure Indian cooperation and support for their efforts in WWII.
In 1939 the viceroy , Lord Linlithgow, without consulting the leaders of Indian national Congress declared India a belligerent state on the side of the allies. This caused resentment amongst leaders and the elected Congress Party Provincizal Govt. resigned en masse. Though amongst the Congress there were two opinions but the majority was not in favour of war . M.K.Gandhi was amongst them.
Failure of the Mission;
On his arrival in India , Cripps held talks with the Indian leaders. But on the question of immediate self-government in return for war support the talks did not proceed further as the British was not in agreement. Rather the Congress took a resolution of "Quit India" in Aug 1942.
Muslim League took the advantage by supporting the Govt. and taking the office after retirement of the Congress Leaders.