Wednesday, September 9, 2009

Bangladesh, Partition Unavoidable ?

Was partion of Bengal or of India unavoidable ? Had the Partition solved the Communal question in either of the two halves?
This was the question thought by most of the common people, Hindus or Muslims, in United India in the last half of the fortys of twentieth century or even today?
Lord Wavell resigned for the disagreement with the Prime Minister Atlee on the question of fixation of dates for Transfer of Power and Admiral the Viscount Mountbatten was apppointed as Viceroy in succession to toLord Wavell with effect from March, 1947.
Dirct Action was started in Assam, but it was not attnded with success.
Violent communal riots broke out practically all over the Punjab, forcing the governor to take over the administration of the Province in his own hands. Trouble also spread to NWFP. Nehru visited Rawalpindiand shocked.
WC of the Congress met on 8 March,1947, took a decision in the affirmative of Partition of Punjab . This might follow in the case of Bengal also..
Lord Mountbatten arrived in India as a Governor General on 24th March,1947, invited Gandhi and had 5 interviews with him between 31 March to 4 April.
Gandhi (centre) with Lord and Lady Mount Batten
Gandhi made a proposal, in reply to an interview, as he had said during WWII that Britain should offer peaceful Satyagraha against Hitler's offensive,
"Dismiss the present Executive Council and ask Jinnah to form a Government with his men"
But MountBatten was a practical man with realistic approach.

Louis Francis Albert Victor Nicholas Mountbatten was born in Windsoron 25 June, 1900. his father was a sea Lord in WWI and a German aristocrat but due to his anti-German feeling he was forced to resign. He changed his surname to Mountbatten with less Germanic sound than Battenberg. Victor Nicholas' great-grand-mother was Queen Victoria. He was educated mainly at home untill 1914when he went to the Royal naval College at Dartmouth. He joined Royal Navy in 1916, and saw action in WWI. In 1934 he received his first command on the destroyer, HMS "Daring". After so many creditable prformance , he was appointed chief of combined operations, with responsibility for the preparation of the eventual invasion of occupied Europe. In oct 1943 he became the supreme allied commander, South East Asia Command (SEAC), a position he held until 1946. He achieved the defeat of the japanese offensive tpwards India , which had forecasted earlier.

In March 1947, he became the Viceroy of India and first Governor General of Independent India.