Thursday, June 18, 2009

Kyrgyz, Independence Era

In oct. 1991, Akayev was elected president of the new Independent republic by direct ballot, receiving votes cast. Together with representatives of seven other republics, he signed The Treaty of the New Economic Communists that same month. On Dec. 21, 1991, Kyrgyzstan formally entered the new Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS).
In1993, allegations of corruption against Akayev's closest political assciates blossomed into a major scandal. One of those accused of improprieties was Prime Minister Chyngyshev, who was dismissed for ethical reasons in December. Following Chyngyshev dismissal , Akayev dismissed the Govt. and called upon the last communit premier, Apas Djumagulov, to form a new one . In Jan. 1994, Akayev initiated a referendum asking for a renewed mandate to complete his term of office. He received 96.2 % of the vote.
A new constitution was passed by the parliament in may 1993. In 1994, however, the parliament failed to produce a quorum for its last scheduled session prior to the expiration of its term in feb., 1995. President Akayev was widely accused of having manipulated a boycott by a majority of parliamentarians. Akayev, in turn, asserted that the communists had caused a political crisis by preventing the legislature from fulfilling its role. Akayev scheduled an oct. referendum, overwhelmingly approved by voters, which proposed two amendments to the constitution - 1. that allow the constitution to be amended by maens of a referendum,2. creating a new bicameral parliamentcalled Jogorku Kenesh.