Wednesday, June 24, 2009

Haiti, Post Independence era (cont.)

In mid-Sept. 1994, with US troops prepared to enter Haiti by force for Operation Uphold democracy president Bill Clinton dispatched a negotiating team led by former president Jimmy Carter to persuade the authorities to step aside and allow for the return of constitutional rule. With intervening troops already airborne , cedras and other top leaders agreed to step down.
Aristide won in the election on June, 1995 from his political party Lavalas Political Organisation. Later one his ally, Rene preval, became the president in 1996. Later both of them formed separate po. parties.The split between the two led to a political deadlock.In the election of 2000 Aristide again became the President. But the deadlock resulted in a coup d'etat and Aristide was asked to step down by the opposition.
The 2004 coup d'etat and Aristide's ouster
Anti-Aristide protests in Jan. 2004, led to violent clashes in Port-au-Prince,causing several deaths. In Feb. a revolt broke out in the city of Gonaives, which was soon under rebel control. The rebellion began to spread and Cap- Haitien, Haiti's second largest city, was captured.A mediation team offered a plan of continueing by Aristide till the end of his term which was not accepted by the opposition.
On feb. 2004, a rebellion contingent marched towards Port-au-Prince, and Aristide departed from Haiti. He actually went to Bangui, capital of Central African republic where he stayed as asylum. The Govt.was taken over by Supreme court under chief Boniface Alexadre.
At the petition by Alexadre the UNsecurity council intervened A strength of force of 7,000 from Argentina,Chile, Jordan, Morocco, Nepal, Peru, Philipines, Spain,Sri lanka, and Uruguay,Rene Preval won. but in 2008, there were demonstration against rising of food prices.