Thursday, December 3, 2009

Sudan Second Civil war

In Sept. 1983, as part of an Islamicization campaign, President Nimeiri announced his decisions to incorporate Traditional Islamic punishmentdrawn from Shari'a (Islamic Law) into the penal code.Southerners and other non-Muslims living in the northwere also subjected to these punishments. These events and other longstanding grievances in part led to a resumption of the civil warthat was held in abeyancesince 1972, and the war continues till today.
After the 1985 coup, the new Govt. rescinded President Nimeiri's 1983 decrees and made other significant overturesaimed at reconciling north and southbut didnot rescind the socalled Sept. laws of the nimeiri regime including Shari'a law. In May1986, the Sadiq al-Mahdi govt. began peace negotiation with the SPLAand a number of Sudanese political parties met in Ethiopia andand agreed to the Koka Dam declaration, which calls for abolishing Islamic law and convening a constitutional conference.In 1988, the SPLA and the DUPagreed on a peace plan callingfor the abolition of military pacts with Egypt and Libya., freezing of Islamic law, an end to the state of emergency, and a ceasefire.A constitutional conference would then be convened. A constitutional cnference was tentatively fixed onSept. 1989.
The SPLA is in control of large areas of Equatoria, Barh al Ghazal,and upper nile provincesand also operates the southern portion of Darfar, Kordofan, and Blue nile provinces.
In Aug. 1991, internal dissentions among the rebels led opponents of Colonel Garang's leadership of the SPLA toform the socalled Nasir faction of the rebel army. In Sep. 1992, William Nyuon Bany formed a second rebel faction , and in Feb.1993, K.K.Bol formed a third rebel faction and thus lost their locus stand.