Sunday, December 6, 2009

Sudan, People and govt. (contd-1)

Ismail Al-Azhari, The leader of the National Unionist Party, became the Prime Minister of the first cabinet after the Independence on jan. 1, 1956.
He was in the office from 6 Jan. 1954-7 July 1956. A sudanese political leader ((1902-1969), born in a prominent family, Al-Azhai, became president of the Sudan's first political organisation, the Graduate General Congress in 1940, and then president of the National Unionist Party (NUP) in 1952.
His opposition to British Ruleand support of unification with Egyptbrought him national attention.As Prime Minister (1954-1956), however, he led the Sudan to complete and separate independence in Jan. 1956. Factionalism within his partycost him his leadership role, and he was the opposition leader from 1956-1958. Following a six year period of Military rule of Ibrahim Abboud, he was appointed president (1965), but was overthrown in a military coupin May 1969, by Gafaar al-Numeiry. He died in 1969 while in custody.

El Ferik Ibrahim Abboud (1900-1983) was a sudanese dictator, general, and political figure.
Born on 26 Oct 1900, at Muhammed-Gol, near the old port city of Suakin on Red Sea. He served in WWII in Eritrea and Ethiopia. In 1949 he became the deputy commander in chief of Sudanese military. He served as the head of State of Sudanbetween 1958 and 1964 and as president of Sudan in 1964. However he soon resigned , ending first military rule in Sudan.
The Aboud regime was followed by a provisional govt. until parliamentary election in 1965, led to a coalition govt. of the of the Umma and National Unionist Parties under under prime minister Muhammad Ahmad Mahjoub.