Sunday, August 9, 2009

Surendra Nath Banerjee

Surendra Nath Banerjee was born in 1848 at Taratala in Calcuuta. His father was the famous Dr. Durgacharan Banerjeewhose medical skill had passed into Dovton College, graduated at the Calcutta University andstarted for England in 1868to try for ICS. Surendra nath passed the ICS exam. in due time but he was refused to be taken into service on the plea that he had crossed the age limit. he took the help of court and his name was restored and was appointed to the ICS but soon he was dismissed on the grounds regarded as inadequate.

He took the public life and on 26th July, 1876, founded Indian Association of Calcutta which led to an all India movement based on the conception of a United India derived from the inspiration of Mazzini (1805-1872), the "soul of italy," a patriot, philosopher, freemason and a politician.

Giuseppe Mazzini

Indian Association of alcutta was an orgnisation of the educated middle class with a view to creating public opinion by by direct appeals to the people. He got his opportunity in 1877 when the maximum age limit of ICS exam. was reduced to 19.It was a deliberate attempt to blast the prospect of Indian candidates for the ICS.They organised a national protest against this reactionary measure. A big public meeting was held in calcutta. Subsequently, there weremeetings at Agra, Lahore, Amritsar, Meerut, Allahabad, Delhi, Cawnpore, Lucknow, Aligarh and Benaras.The agitation was the awakening of a spirit of unity of India. His tour was a great success. Henry Cotton wrote in his book about this which attracted Lord Lawrence.An appeal was made to House of commons not to lower the age limit but to increase the upper limit so that more students could participate.An well known barrister, Lal Mohan Ghosh was sent to England for explaining the issue. Thus the deputation to England brought a grand success. Similar Agitations were made for Arms act and Vernacular Press act.Ultimately this organisation took an All india safe and conference was called at Clcutta in 1883.during the same year a retired civilian Allan Octavian Hume convened a conference at Bombay where W.C.Banerjee presided over the conference in 1885, and thus Indian National congress was founded.Seventy delegates attended the conference.