Tuesday, August 4, 2009

Bangladesh, Jinnah (contd-4)

In the National Conference,1928, Jinnah said that we had to settle first how both the communities could march together until our object was achieved which yeilded no result. Jinnah's personal life suffered a lot during this time due to his political work. He with his family had gone to Europe for minimising confusion amongst each other. Butthe couple separated in 1927. After two years Rattanbai died due to serious illness and Jinnah was deeply saddened by the death of Rattanbai.
Round Table Conferences of 1930-32 :The demand for Swaraj had been growing in india that the British Govt. had to organise three Round Table Conferences in 1930-32 in London. But there were some disagreement between the Congress and the the british Govt. as a result the Congress did not attend the 1st conference. However, the conference was attended by Muslim Leaders including Muhammedd Ali, Muhammed Safi, Md. Zafrulla Khan, Md.Ali Jinnah, The Aga Khan and leaders of Hindu Mahasabha including B.S.Moonje and Jaylar, Liberals including Tej Bahadur Sapru, C.Y.Chintamani, and Srinibas Sastri, Sikh Leaders like Sarder Ujjal Singh and a large contingent of rulers of Princely States like Maharja Bhupendra Singh of Patiala, Gaekward III of Baroda, Maharaja Hari Singh of Jammu and Kashmir, Nawab of Bhopal etc.The idea of formation of All India Federation was moved for discussion which was supported by all the attending groups. The 1st Conference was held on 13 Nov. 1930. In the 2nd coference, held on Sep-dec 1931, M.k.Gandhi attended as a sole representative of the Congress and claimed that Congress alone represented the only political party in India which the other groups did not agree. Gandhi was asked to call off the Civil Disobedience Movement and in that case Govt. would release all the prisoners except the 'criminals' who had killed the British officials.There were disagreement between Gandhi and B.R.Ambedkar on the points of separate electorates of untouchables.3rd round conference was held on Nov-Dec, 1932, Most of the political figures were not present.

Jinnah was disillusioned by the breakdown of talks in the round table conference and stayed in London for a few years.