Monday, August 17, 2009

Bangladesh, Two Nation Theory (contd-1)

Following the failure to work with the Congress, Jinnah, who had embraced separate electorates and the exclusive right of the League to represent Muslima, was converted to the idea that Muslims needed a separate state to protect their rights. Jinnah came to believe that Muslims and Hindus were disrinct nations with unbridgeable differences-a view later known as the Two Nation Theory. Jinnah declared that a united India would lead to marginalisation of Muslims, and eventually civil war between Hindus and Muslims.This change of view may have occurredthrough his correspondence with Iqbal, who was close to Jinnah. In the session in Lahore in 1940, the Pakistan resolution was adoptedas the main goal of the Party.The resolution was rejectedoutright by the congress, and criticised by many Muslim leaders like Maulana Abul Kalam Azad, Khan Abdul Gaffar Khan,Syed Ab'ul Ala Maududi,and the Jamaat-e-Islami. On July 26, 1943,Jinnah was stabed and wounded by a member of the extremist Khaksars in an attempted assassination.

Maulana Abul Kalam Azad

Abdul Gaffar Khan