Thursday, August 6, 2009
Bangladesh, contradiction (contd- 2)
Since third decades of nineteenth century England experienced several working class and hence the capitalists of England decided to to shift their capital to the colonies specially to India for earning more profit. They had started forming industries in India from the second half of the nineteenth century. Indian bourgeois also showed some effciency in developing industry in some sectors. As a result at the end of nineteenth and the beginning of the twentieth century a working class had grown in India and a new contradiction had come up to the surface which was not prevailant at time when British came to India. A Royal Commission was constituted to see the working condition of the workers in India. Accordingly the Royal Commission of Labour, instituted by the British Imperialists in 1933, observed that the working hours in all the cotton mills were 13 to 15 hours a day. The report of the Textile Factories , Labour committee mentioned in 1906 that the conditions inside factories were inhuman, the workers had to put in hard labour and after the shift was over , they were so exhausted that a large number of them usedto get fainted within the factory premises. The condition of the female workers was deplorable.Emplying of child labour was rampant.The factory labour commission of 1908 noted that children in the age group of 5-7 constituted a major work force in most of the factories.40% of the part time workers were under-age childrenin the age group 7-9 used to travel about 4 km in the early morning to reach the factory in time. To discipline the budding labour movement , Employers and workers act 1860 was passed. But that had little effect to contrl the problem.