Wednesday, August 19, 2009

Bangladesh,Two-nation Theory (contd-5)

The ideology of Pakistan stems from the instinct of the Muslim Community of South Asia to maintain their individuality by resisting all attempts by the Hindu Society to absrb it. Muslims of south Asia believed that Islam and Hinduism were not only two religions but two social orders that have given birth to two distinct cultures with no similarities. A deep study of the history of this land proves that the differences between Hindus and Muslims were not confinedto the struggle for political supremacy, but were also manifested in the clash of two social orders. Despite living together for more than a thousand years they continued to develop different cultures and traditions. Their eating habits, music,architectures and scripts, are all poles apart. Even the language they speak and the dressesthey wear are entirely different.
The ideology of pakistan took shape through an evolutionary process, Historical experience provided the base .
Some right wing Hindu leaders such as Vinayak Savarkar endorsed the two-nation Theory. However, Savarkar, the leader of the Hindu Mahasabha , believed that the new nation state of Pakistan should be formed somewhere in the Middle East as opposed to being in the lands in which the Vedic religion was founded and in which Hinduism thrived until the Islamic invasion.
In the Pakistan Times, Samina Mallahasserts that the Two-Nation theory is relevant to this day,citing factors such as lower literacy and education levels amongst Indian Muslims as compared to Indian Hindus, long-standing cultural differences, and outbreaks of religious violence.
Some historians have claimed that the theory was a creation of a few Muslim intellectuals. Prominant Pakistani Politician Altaf Hussain believes history has proved two-nation theory wrong.
Mao of British India ,1909,showing percentage of Hindus in different districts.