Friday, August 28, 2009

Bangladesh, Sarat Chandra Bose

Another important person who atleast thought of the problem of Hindu- Muslim relation of Bengal was Sarat Chandra Bose, fourth child and second son of his parents, Janaki Nath Bose and Prabhabati Devi. Sarat Chandra was born in Cuttack in 1889. He was eight years old than Subhas Chandra Bose.

Sarat Chandra Bose

Sarat became and remained a devout Hindu throughout his life and did his puja to the mother Goddess every morning . He was most respectful of his parents.He was also affected by the religious revivalism of the late ninteenth century as preached by Swami Vivekananda. With these traditional Hindu elements he was admitted in the Protestant European School in Cuttack to learn perfect English in reading, writting and speaking. He became a superb orator in English , particularly in the chambers of Bengal Legislative Council and the Calcutta High Court. He was proud of his deep resonant voice. He often went with his brothers and friends , when young, to the banks of Mahanadi and used to recite Shakespeare or famous speaches of British leaders, projecting their voices across the wide river.

He studied in Ravenshaw Collegiate School, Cuttack and Presidency College, Calcutta. While studying in Presidency College, the locus of Bose was shifted to Calcutta. From 1773 to 1912 Calcutta was the Capital of British India as well as a commercial, industrial, financial,political and cultural center of eastern India or rather whole of India. Sarat entered Presidency College at the age of 16 in the momentous year 1905. Sarat chandra later mentioned that he used to sing Swadeshi song in the streets at that time and became connected with Congress. But no political record of his participation was available till 1920. He marche at that time with thousands of young boys- sometimes led by Rabindra nath Tagore. He was avid buyer and reader of literature, history, religion and politics. Sarat after passing BL from Calcutta University enrolled himself as a vakil in Cuttack where he started his legal apprenticeship. Sarat left for London for higher studies in 1912. At his time going to England for higher studies was not rare as it was in the time of M.K. Gandhi who went there in 1888.

After finishing his course and sight seeing Sarat returned to Calcutta in the summer of 1914.