Monday, August 10, 2009

Bangladesh, Sir Syed Ahmed

As Dr. Ramesh Majumdar , in his book An advanced history of India, said that all sections and communities of the Indian population did not show at first an equal enthusiasm for the Congress movement. Some notable Muslim leaders took part in its annual deliberations, and on a few occasions it had Muslim President.Neverthless a strong section of the Muslims, from the very begining, adopted an unsympathetic attitude towards the Congress , though Muslims in general were indifferent, rather than hostile to it. It was because of the following reasons;
1. The muslims did not show the same zeal and fervour for western education and culture as the Hindu community . They still maintained the preference of their own classical studies and could not adjust in the modern trend of the society and development.
2. They were brooding over their erstwhile political dominance over the greater part of India and felt a sudden resentment against the British. They, therefore, supported the revolutionary Wahhbi movement and the revolt of 1857-59.
The British took this advantage in their policy of "divide and rule." They took the side of the Hindus till the hindus did not start freedum movement and after that they switched over to the Muslims.

Dr. Ramesh chandra Majumdar

The change in the attitude of the British rulers synchronised with the rise of Sir Syed Ahmed as the leader of Muslims in an entirely new fashion.Sir Syed Ahmaed, at first, appered as an ardent patiot and nationalist. He supported the Ilbert billand the agitation in favour of holding simultaneous examinations for the civil service.he held that the Hindus and Muslims in India formed one nation. he said that they were two eyes of India. if you would strike one, the other also would be hurt. We should try to become one in heart and soul and act in unison. but inspite of these liberal views, Sir Syed Ahmed was definitely opposed Congress movement from the very begining. He urged the Muslim Community to keep themselves aloof from the Congress and denounced its objectives, including the simultaneous holding of examinations of Civil Service which he had once advocated.

Sir Syed Ahmed

In 1886, he set up an educational Congress as a rival organisation on the ground that the Muslims would not benefit by the discussions of political matters, and education was the only means of ensuring their progress. He also established two other organisations in order to oppose the Congress. 1. In 1888, he founded United Indian Patriotic Associationwith both Hindu and Muslim Members, 2. In 1889, he founded the Mohammadan Anglo-Oriental Defence Associationof Upper India, with the members of Muslims and English men.

Sir Syed Ahmed (1817- 1898) was an Islamic reformer, Indian Educator, and a politician in his time.His work gave rise to a new generation of Muslim Elites and politicians who composed the Aligarh movement to secure the political future of Muslims in India. He was cosidered as a "traitor" in leftist and patriotic circles of India.

Born into Mughal nobility, Sir Syed earned a reputation in his community as a distinguished scholar while workingn as a jurist for the British.During the India rebellion,1757, he remained loyal to British.