Monday, February 15, 2010

Pakistan, Jinnah (contd-1)

Emibai Jinnah, Jinnah's first wife
Jinnah in his student life in England, in Lincoin's Inn, became in three years at the age of 19, the youngest Indian to be called to the Bar of England. While he was a student he came under the spell of nineteenth-century British Liberalism, as many other future Indian Independence leaders. His education also included exposure to the idea of the democratic nation and progressive politics.He admired William Gladstone and John Morley. He was also admirer of the indian political leaders Dadabhai Naoroji and Sir Pherozeshah Mehta. He also took part in the successful campaign of Dadabhai Naoroji to become  the first Indian to hold a seat in the British parliament. By this time, Jinnah had developed a constitutional views which was exposed during his participation in Freedom Struggle of India.    
But he condemned the arrogance of British officials in India as also the discrimination practiced by them against Indians.His progressive ideas formed during his study in England faced a good deal of contradiction when he participated, practically, in the freedom struggle of India and put him into great difficulty in reconciling between the two.
During the final period of stay in England, Jinnah was pressurised to come back to india as his father's business was gradually going down. He became a successful lawyer and built a house in Malabar Hill, later known as Jinnah House.His reputation as a lawyer prompted Indian leader to hire him as a defence counsel in the sedition trial of Bal Gangadhar Tilak trial in 1905.  
Jinnah got close contact with Congress leaders such as Gopal Krishna Gokhale, Pherozeshah Mehta and Surendra nath Banerjee.