Tanzania, properly known as the United Republic of Tanzania is a sovereign state in central east Africabordered by Kenya and Uganda to the north, Rwanda, Burundi and DRC to the west, zambia,Malawi and mozambique to the south and Indian ocean to the east. the name Tanzania is a portmanteau of Tanganyika and Zanzibar. The two states united in 1964 to form the United Rep. of Tanzania.
Economically it is one of the poorest country of the world with gnp, atlas method (estimate-2003) is 290 $per capita. Its rank from the top is 170th. and from the bottom is 17th.In other form of measurement, IMF,est.2007,WB,est2007 and CIA ,est.2008, gdp (nominal) per capita
Its area is slightly greater than 3times the area of Madhypradesh. Tnzania is often referred to as "the cradle of mankind". The human footprints is as old as 3.6 million years. The early inhabitants were hunter-gatherer and probably Khoisan speaking people.About 2000 years ago Bantu speaking people arrived who developed iron-working skills and new ideas of social and political organisation. Later, Nilotic patoralists arrived and continued to immigrate into the area through to the 18th. century.
In the early first millennium CE, travellors from Persian Gulf and traders fromwestern India had visited east African coast. but remains of those towns demonstrate that they arose from indegenous roots , not from foreign settlement. In 1498 Vasco da Gama became the first known European to reach the east African coast, and by 1525 the Portuguese had subdued the intire coast. Their contrl lasted until the early 18th.century,when Arabsfrom Oman established a foothold in the region.