Friday, May 22, 2009

Burkina faso, History

From the discovery of scrappers, chisels, and arrowheads It was assumed that Burkina faso was inhabited as early as 12,000 to 5,000 BCE where settlements appeared between 3000 to 2000 BCE with farmers. The use of iron, ceramic and polished stones were developed between 1500 and 1000 BCE and remains of spiritual performances like burials etc. were also found.
Until the end of the 19th. century the history of Burkina Faso was controlled by the empire building Mossiwho were believed to have come from the central and eastern frica sometimes in the 11th. century. For centuries Mossi the Mossi peasants were both farmers and soldiers and Mossi peole were able to defend their religious beliefs and social structures against forcible attempts to convertthem to Islam by Muslims from the north west.
The central part of Burkina Faso were occuppied by a number of Mossi kingoms, the most powerful of which were that of Wagadogo (Ouagadougou) and Yatenga. Probably these kingdoms emerged in the early sixteenth century by heterogeneous set of warriors.
French colony
After a decade of intense rivalry and competition between the English and the French, the Mossi kingdom of Ouagadougou was defeated by French colonial forces and became a French protectorate in 1896. By a French and English convention of 14th June, 1898, the majority of Burkina Faso became a colony of France, though it took about seven years war to complete the process with the local authorirties. In 1904, a larger part of the Volta basin including Senegal and Niger formed French West African colonywith its capital at Bamako.During WWI in 1915 and 1916 the districts in the western part of Burkina Faso and the bordering of eatern Mali staged a armed oppositions to colonial govt. , known as Volta-Bani war. In March,1919, to protect from the recurrence of armed uprising Burkina Faso was restructured in the name of Upper Volta.For internal change of Basic law of france in July,1956, after WWII, a revision of French overseas territories took place and ultimately accorded full independence in 1960.