Sunday, March 7, 2010

Round Table Conference

Simon Commission with seven members of British Parliament and Sir John Simon as Chairman and Clement Attlee as a member, who became the subsequent Prime Minister and granted Independence to India and Pakistan. 
On 30th Oct. 1928, the Simon Commission arrived in Lahore where, as with the rest of the country, its arrival was met with massive amounts of protestors. The Lahore protest was  led by Indian Nationalist Lala Lajpat Rai, who had moved a resolution against the commission in the Legislative Assembly of Punjab on Feb 1928. In order to make way for the commission, the local police force began beating protestors with their lathis. The police were particularly brutal towards Lala Lajpat Rai, who later that day declared, "the blows which fell on me today are the last nails in the coffin of British Imperialism." On Nov 17, Lajpat Rai died of his injuries on his head.
     The commission published its 17-volume report on 7th June, 1930.The chief recommendations were :
1. Federal constitution of India,
2. Full autonomy in the provinces subject to the overriding powers vested in the Governor,
3. Enlargement of the provincial Legislative council,
4. The lower house of the central Legislature to be enlarged and elected by the provinciak councils, but no responsiblr govt. in the centre,
5. Separation of Burma from India.
The recomendations were so unsatisfactory that the Indian Legislative Assembly , though without any nationalist member of the congress,rejected it in toto.Even the liberal Party demanded that it must not form the basis of discussion at the Round Table Conference.he Congress leaders, then in Jail, were permitted to confer together, and issued a joint statement on 15 Aug. 1930, that no solution would be acceptable to them or to the Congress which did not guarantee the following:
1. India's right to secede from the Empire,
2. A national Govt.responsible to the people including control of defence and finance,
3.India's right to submit to an impartial tribunal all british claim and concessions given to the Britishers in the past.