Wednesday, March 3, 2010

History of Islam In India (contd-7)

Struggle against British rule in India was started by Muslims. The period starting from 1498 saw the rise of the naval and traiding power of the European countries, as they increasingly projected their naval power and expanded their trading interests over the Indian subcontinent. Subsequently with the solvent of the Industrial Revolution in Britain and Europe, the European powers gained a significant technical and commercial advantage over the decaying Mughal Empire. They gradually began increasing  their influence on the subcontinent.
In Bengal Nawab Siraj ud Daulah  faced the expansionist aims of the British East India Company and fought the British. However, he lost the battle of Plassey in 1757.
Siraj's father, Zain Uddin,  was the ruler of Bihar and since Alivardi had no son, Siraj was brought up by Alivardy to avoid controversy of successesor of  his throne of Mushidabad, Bengal.Young Siraj got his education and training for a future nawab. Young Siraj also accompanied Ali Vardi in his military ventures against the Marathas in 1746.Ali vardi officially declared in 1752, his grand son Siraj as Crown Prince and successor to the throne which he succeeded in 1756.
Hyder Ali, and later his son Tipu Sultan,  King of Mysore, faught with the British making an alliance with the French.