Tuesday, July 14, 2009

Bangladesh, Split in the Congress

By the closing years of the 19th century, Indian capitalithe Britishsts had attained a considerable strong position in the cotton textile industry. They had even gone ahead of the British in this industry by the year 1898. Out of the capital invested in this industry, two thirds belonged to India and one-third belonged to the British.This section of capitalists had already lost the character of struggling nature and would prefer amicable settlement with the British monopoly capitalists. But the contradictions of the weaker section of the capitalists with the British monopoly capitalists were getting intesified. That was why at this stage the Indian capitalists were divided in two parts which were reflected in the Congress.
Thus the movement was constrained by two limitations which enabled the rulers to create a split in the anti-partition feelings of the people, which rose first during the partition days in Bengal and later spread through out India and got reflected in the 1906 Congress Session.
1. Although the Calcutta session adopted all the resolutions of Boycott, Swadeshi and Swaraj, but this compromise with the extremists and the moderates were temporary. The two camps moderates and extremists guided by the leaders like Pherozshah mehta, Gopal krishna Gokhale, Rash Behari Ghosh and Surendra Nath Banerjee, on the one side , and the extremists leaders like Tilak, Bipin Chandra Pal, and Lala Rajpat Rai, on the other.
2. The Hindu outlook of the Nationalist leaders including the extremists and the Islamic outlook of the new generation of political workers who were emerging from among the Muslims, gave rise to misgivings and lack of confidence between the two communities.This weakness affected in the Indian politics had been utilised by Curzon.