Bengal famine of 1770 :
Bengal. It was estimated to have caused the death of about 15 million people.The famine was spread in Bangladesh, West Bengal,Assam,Bihar, Orissa and Jharkhand.It was originally a province of Mughal Empire, Known as Bengal from the 16th century and was ruled by a Nawab or Governie. In the 17th century Mughal Emperer Akbar had granted the town of Calcutta to British East India Company for trade.
A partial shortfall in crops, consider nothing out of the rdinary, occurred in 1768 and was followed in next 1769 by more severe conditions. By Sept. 1769there was a severe drought, and alarming reports were coming in of rural distress. These were however ignored by the company officers.
By early 1770, there was starvation, and by mid-1770 deaths from starvation were occurring in large scale. There were also reports of the living feeding on the bodies of the dead in the middle of that year. Small pox and other diseases further took their toll of the population. As a result of the famine large areas were depopulated and returned to jungle. It took about 1780 to bring the situation under control.