The Hindu Muslim unity brought about by Gandhi in 1920-21was artificial in character and did not produce any real change of heart. It was based on the common hostility and hatred entetained , for quite different reasons, by the Indian Nationalist and the Khilafatists towards the British, and was sustained by the militant programme of ono-cooperation and the civil disobedience.
The acivities of the League had been suspended for four years and the 15th adjorned meeting were held in Lahore on May,1924, with Mr. Jinnah on the chair. he said that though the non-cooperation movement was a failure, and much harm was done, a great deal of good had also come out of it. There was an open movement for the achievementof swaraj for India.But this movement roused the political awakining even to a person dwelling in a street.This was also the demand of the League.
In the Jamait-ul- Ulema Conference held at Cocanada on DEC. 1923, the president referred to the sponsors of Sudhi movement as the worst enemies of India and expressed the opinion that the Sangathan movement would prove detrimental to the cause of Indian advance. The conference also condemned those activities which were likely to weaken the basis of the unity of Hindu and Muslim.
Serious communal riots vitiated the political atmosphere of India from 1923 onwards.