Wednesday, July 22, 2009

Bangladesh, Bengal regiment

In the 1910s the League adopted a creed similar to that of the Indian National Congress. When the Hindu Muslim relation improved considerably, for instance during the period of Lucknow agreement (1916) and the period of Khilafat and non-cooperation movement AIML became almost a dead organisation. For several years since 1920, the Muslim League was in a state of suspended animationat the Khilafat organisationhad talen up all the work of the community at the time, and the League had practically nothing to do.
Though founded as a political organisation, the Muslim League did not develop any noticeable programme even within the frame work of loyalty to the Raj. It was never a meaningful organisation politically until Mohammad Ali Jinnah took its leadership in the second half of the first decade of twentieth century when he became the president of AIYL in 1916. and negotiated the Lucknow pact with the Congress, in which Congress conceded the principle of separate electorates and weighted representation for the Muslim Community.
Bengal Regiment
It is term given to a large number infantry regiments first raised for the British Indian Army. These regiments were originally raised by East India Companyas part of the army of bengal, which was one of the three presidency armies that were absorbed into British Indian army. Composing mainly of recruits from the British Indian province of Bengal.
As a point of history, most regiments of the Bengal Army were dismantled by the British in the aftermath of the Indian rebellion of 1857, due to the fact that the mutiny was believed to have been started because of dissatisfaction amongst the sepoysand sowarsof the army of Bengal. One of the main actors of the mutiny. Mangal Pandey belonged to the 34th Bengal Native Infantry, and it was the incident on March 29,1857 at Barrackpore when he injured the adjutant, Lieautenant Baugh, with a sword after shooting him , that is said to have started the mutiny.
After the decision taken by the Indian National Congress to assist the British in the 1st World War (1914-1918) with men and material in return to their assurance of considering Home Rule by the Indians, the Bengalees, officially and un-officially, took the initiatives of collecting Bengali youths by distributing leaflets, posters etc. to start a Bengali Regiment. Poet Nazrul Islam also took the profession.
this was to be noted that the Begali regiment was again closed in March 1920, for obvious reasons.