Thursday, April 22, 2010

Cabinet Mission,1946 (British India)

The British cabinet Mission of 1946to India proposed to discuss and settle plans for the transfer of power from the British Raj to Indian Leadership.The Mission was to provide India with Independence under Dominion status in the Commonwealth of Nations. Plans were finalized and devised with sole enterprise of Clement Atlee, Prime Minister of United Kingdom.
On the 19 Feb 1946, in Parliament, the British Govt announced the forwarding of a team of three cabinet Minister s to India to seek agreement on how to enact self-determination and Independence with the Indian political leaders. The Cabinet Mission included Lord Pethik Laurence (1871-1961), the Secretary of State for India,  Sir Stafford Cripps (1889-1952), President of the Board of trade, and A.V. Alexander (1885-1965), first Lord of the Aadmiralty. Cabinet Mission also received the boost of lord Wavell, the Viceroy of India during this time.
On the 24 March, the cabinet Mission arrived at New Delhi. It proceeded to conduct talks over a three weak period with leaders of the Congress, Muslim League, Sikhs, Scheduled castes and the liberal leader Sir Tej bahadur Sapruand many others totalling 472 individuals.
Within the days of 16th to 18th April, the Cabinet Mission met with M.A.Jinnah (1876-1948) to outlines two plans, comprising a small Pakistan with sovereignty or a big Pakistan in an All India union. Jinnah avoided making a choice.
On 21st April, Cripps brought to the Cabinet Mission's attention a plan secretly submitted to him by Nawab M.A.Gurmani of Punjab. Through a complex voting system, Muslim majority provinces could join a sovereign and Non-Muslim majority districts could vote to join the rest of India. Jawaharlal Nehru rejected the proposal and Jinnah showed no interest.
In the days of 5th to 12th May  1946, in Simla, the cabinet Mission convened a conference, including four members each from the Congress party and Muslim league. They included for the Congress; Nehru, Chandra Shekhar Azad,  Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel and Abdur Gaffar Khanand for the Muslim League; Jinnah, Liaqat Ali Khan, Ismail Khan and Abdur Rab Nishtar. The govt of india Invited gandhi to come and standby if needed for consultation. Cripps mission failed and it was found that no solution could be arrived at present.