Wednesday, April 8, 2009

Rwanda, genocidal plan (continued)

Encouraged by the Pan-Africanists, Hutu advocated in the Catholic Church, and by Christian Belgians (who were increasingly influential in the Cong) , inflamed the sentiments of the Hutus against the aristocratic Tutsi. Moreover, the United Nations mandate that the Tutsi overlord class and the Belgian Colonialists attitude towards the Tutsis added to the growing unrest. The "Hutu emancipation movement"headed by Gregoire Kalyibanda, founder of PARMEHUTU, wrote the " Hutu Manifesto" in 1957. The group quickly militarised. In adition to this, in 1959,Tutsi forces had beaten a Hutu politician,Dominique Mbonyumutwa, and rumours of his death set off a violent backlash against the Tutsi known as "the wind of destruction."
Thousands of Tusis were killed and many thousands, including the Mwami, fled to neighbouring Uganda before the Belgian commando arrived to quel the violence. Tutsi refugees also fled to the south of Kivu province of the Congo. Eventually they becme a primary force in the 1st. and 2nd. Congo wars.
Between 1961-62, Tutsi guerrilla groups staged attacks into Rwanda from neighbouring countries . Rwandan Hutu-based troops responded and thousands more Tutsis were killed in the clashes. In 1963, another anti-Tutsi backlash by the Hutu Govt. in Rwanda an estimated 14,000 people were killed. Rwanda now became a Hutu-dominated one party state. In excess of 70,000 people had been killed.
In response to the April killing of the two state presidents , over the next three months (April-july, '94) the hutu led military and interahamwe militia groups killed about 8,00,000 Tutsis and Hutu moderates in the Rwandan cenocide.
Between July and Aug. '94 Kagame's Tutsi-led RPF troops first entered kigali and soon there after captured therest of the country. Over 2 million Hutus then fled the country , causing the Great lakes refugee crisis. many went to eastern Zaire.

Rwanda genocide