Friday, April 24, 2009

Nepal, Towards Maoism (continued)

The Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist) is a political Party in Nepal, founded in1994 and currently led by Pushpa Kamal Dayal, popularly known as Prachnda. By prolonged people's war in against the monarchythe CPN (M) became the largest party in the Nepalese constituent assembly election, 2008. At present the party is the major ruling party in Nepal, leading a coalition Govt. comprisingof the next largest communist fraction, CPNUML.following merger with communist party of Nepal (unity-centre Masal), its full current name is the United Communist party of Nepal (maoist) .
The Party announced a "peoples war" on February13,1996,with the slogan, "let us march ahead on the path of struggle towards establishingthe people's ruleby wreaking the reactionary ruling system of state." they believe in the phi;losophy of Mao Ze dung that "political power grows out of the barrel of a gun". They also draw inspiration from the 'Revolutionary International Movement' and 'Peru's left wing guerrilla movement'.
Revolutionary Internationalist Movement:

The Revolutionary Internationalist Movement is an International Communist organisation which uphols Marxism-Lenininism-Maoism. Founded in 1984, it seeks to unite the parties, believing in those doctrines, of the world into a single political tendency. it believes that Maoist strategyis most effective inthe developing worldand actively supports parties waging People's War. The RIM publishes a political journal called A world to Win. It was formed at a conference in March 1984. The particioating members were,
Founder Members :
1. Union of Iranian Communists (Sarbedaran)
2. Central reorganisation committee, Communist Party of India, (Marxist-Lenenist)
3.Ceylon Communist Party,
4. Communist Collective of Agit/Prop (Italy)
5. Communist Party of Colombia (Marxist-Leninist), Mao Tsetung Regional Committee,
6. Communist party of Peru,
7. Communist Party of Turkey (Marxist-Leninist),
8. Hitian revolutionary Internationalist Group,
9. Communist Party of Nepal, (Masal),
10. Newzealand Red Flag group,
11. Nottingham Communist Group (Britain)
12. Proleterian Communist Organisation, Marxist-Leninist (Italy)
13. Revolutionary Communist Group of Columbia
14. Leading Committee, Revolutionary Communist Party,India
15. Revolutionary Communist Party, USA
16. Revolutionary Communist Union [Dominican Republic]
17. Stocknort Communist Group (Britain)
Members at Present
Many of these organisations are defunct or changed their names over the years as their strength has grown.
The Communist Party of Nepal (Masal) left over differences of political line, but (much larger) a group,the Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist) is a member.
Indian Member Organisations amalgamated into the Communist {arty of India ( Maoist), which is not currently a member.
New forces have also entered the RIM's fold in the following years, incliding the Communist (Marxist) Party of Afganistan.
The members 1. the Marxist Communist Party (Turkey), 2. the Communist party of Peru ( Shining Path) are currently engaged in armed conflict. The RIM also supports revolutionary wars led by the Communist Party of the Philipines and by the Communist Party of India (Marxist).
Revolutionary Left Movement (Peru)

Luis Felipe de la Puente Uceda
Republic of Peru (Mark red)
Luis de la Puente Ucedaand his group APRA Rebelde,founded in Peru in 1962, a Revolutionary left ( Marxist) movement, a splinter group, had rallied the the 1950s and 1960s. inspired by the Cuban revolution and close to a non-alliened positionwhich opposed itselef both to the Communist Party of Peru , the Soviet union and China, the group initiated guerrilla actions aginstthe Govt. in 1965. After its leader's deathend of 1965 , the MIR splitted into three different faction. The one of them, the Mir-EM, would merge with the revoutionary Socialist Party (Marxist-Leninist) in 1982 to create the Movimiento Revlucionario Tupac Amru (MRTA). The two others factions, MIR-VR and MIR-IV, would join the parliamentary wing coalitionIzquierda Unida in the in the early 1980s.