Sunday, April 26, 2009

Nepal, Towards Maoism (Continued)

The People's War, lodged on Feb. 13, 1996, aiming to establish a "People's Democracy" against "feudalism,imperialism and reformists" was due to the failure of the Nepalese Government to respond to a memorendumpresented to the Prime Minister Sher Bahadur Deuba on February 4,1996. The memorendum listed 40 demands included 1. abolition of royal privileges, 2. the abrogation of the Mahakali Treaty with Indiaon the distribution of water and electricity, 3. the deliniation of the border between the two countries.
The Organisational structure of the CPN-Maoist has three tier arragements, 1.Party's standing Committees, 2. People's Liberation Army, 3. United front.
At the final stage, in early 2003, CPN-M demands a strength of:
1. 31,500 combatants, 2. 48,000 militia, 3. 1,50,000 active cadres, 4. 1,00,000 sympathisers.
Prachanda Path, a new doctrine
Born in Nepal's Kaski District, some 140 km west of Kathmandu, in a paddy field inDhikurpokhariVDC, Lewade Village. Prachanda Spent much of his childhood in the Chitwan District. He got his bachelor degree in Agricultural Science from the The Institute of Agriculture and Animal Science (IAAS) in Rampur, Chitwan, and was once emploed at a rural rural development project sponsored by USAID, the project site being Jajarkot.
He was drawn leftist party since Nepal was very poor, and joined the underground commnist party of Nepal (Fourth Convention). he became general secretary of the Communist Party of Nepal (Masal) in 1989. After many permutations and combinations this party became Communist party of Nepal (Maoist). He lived underground even after the restoration of democracy in 1990. A little known figure became, Prachanda, became the leader of both the Party wing and the people's army wing, while Dr. Baburam Bhattraibecame the parliamentary leader of the United Front. His real name was Pushpa Kamal Dayal. Like Lenin or Ho Chi Minh he began to use the prachada, meaning "Intense".