The modern day Pakistan began with Independence from British Indiaon Aug 14, 1947. The political history of eventual birth of the country began in the aftermath of the Indian rebellion of 1857, which culminated in 90 years of direct rule by British Crown and subsequently, spawned a successful creation of the first Islamic State under the leadership of Muslim league. The later was founded in 1906 to protect the interests of Muslims in India. On Dec 1930s onwards it got popularised by 1. Muhammad Iqbal, 2. Mohammad Ali Jinnah, and 3. Sir Syed Ahmed Khan.