Friday, June 24, 2011

The last stage of Victory of India.

In the 6th century BC,during the reign of Cyrus the Great Punjab was a part of the Persian empire. In the 4th century BC, Punjab became a part of Chandragupta Maurya's empire. Followed were Indo-Greeks,the Kushans,Sakas and the Parthians.In the 11th century a ruler of Central Asia called Mahmud of Ghazni invaded Punjab . However,his successors were overcome by Prithviraj who regained Punjab. In 1192,Muhammad Ghori's won the battle and ruled this region. Thereafter Punjab was ruled by whoever was ruling in Delhi.
In the 15th Sikhism was founded by Guru Nanak that became  widely accepted by the people living around there. Later Guru Arjan Dev and Guru Gobind Singh played important roles in the evolution of Sikhism.
Banda Singh Bahadur,a hermit turned military leader temporarily liberated the eastern part of the province from Mughal rule in 1709-10. By the late 18th century, Ranjit Singh (1780-1839) had built up the Punjab into a powerful kingdom. But in 1849 Punjab came under British empire.
At the middle of the eighteenth century Punjab was out of the expansion of British empire. After the evolve of Sikhism Punjab was out from the clutches of Muslim or Hindu feudalistic society.The death of Ranjit Singh allowed British to enter the periphery of Punjab.