Thursday, June 23, 2011

Economic Condition in 19th century (contd-1)

In 1813, the renewal of Company's permission, the administration of India became a constitutional matter. The victory of Mysore, possession of Maratha Kingdon, and 2nd English-Maratha war were ended and India became a profitable country for the burgeoisie of Great Britain. India act of 1813 curtailed all trade facilities of the Company except the trade for tea in China. India gradually became a colony of the British Burgeoisie than the colony of the company.
In 1833, the status of the company with relation to India was further changed.The instrument of colonial exploitation in India was gradually sharpened. The net work of trade organisation was spread throughout the country .
In 1832, owner of more than fifty % share was divided among st  474 influential persons who  controlled the activities of the Company. According to Marx these director were among the great bourgeoisie of Great Britain.
One of the important factor of the colonial administration was the strength of military force. In 1830, the number of soldiers was 2 lac  23thousands and 5 hundred After the third Eng-Maratha war the British was not involved in  any war for thirty years since 1830.
In 1833, the status of Compny was changed further. The rule intrduced by the Whig party did not change the rights of the company towards the administration of India but they had introduced a post of govt. officer in the Bengal Council. His duty was to frame rules and regulation for the whole India. The first person entrusted with the job of Legal Advisor was the progressive historian T.J.Macaulay (1800-1859). But the criminal law he formulated was not introduce. In different parts of India there wee different rules in vogue, as  result, there had been many difficulties. The British  bourgeoisie  wanted to intrduce the same rule throughout India. But this is to be noted that all the important posts  were occupied by the Britishers. Most ordinary posts were left for Indians.