Thursday, June 16, 2011

Economic condition after British India (contd-1)

The economic condition of Bengal was gradually depressing. First, after the victory of Clive, he did not give due importance to revenue collection and on the persons who were in charge of doing such business. Secondly, Hastings introduced the system of revenue collection. Hastings had a difference of opinion with Francis. Francis was of opinion that the owner of the Indian lands were Indian landlords.But Hastings in a short term lease distributed the lands to the persons who agreed to pay maximum tax. As a result the farmers were thrown to extreme poverty. The tax of Bengal, Bihar and Orissa was increased double the amount in 1790-1791 than that of 1765. Due to this policy,  1/3 rd amount of the land of Bengal remained under wood and forest. The fertile lands gradually became ferocious animals habitat.
Then the farmers revolt became a day to day affairs. The greatest of these revolts was the revolt of the farmers of Dinajpur against the Landlord Devi Singh in 1783. He tortured the farmers inhumanly for collecting taxes. They assembled near the city Rangpur and elected their leader. They occupied the Thana and sent an application to Calcutta.As they didnot got any reply they took up arms in their hands. But ultimately they were suppressed by the British army. During the four decades of eighteenth century revolt took place in the different places of Bengal . The trlbals of the under developed areas were assembled with the farmers. The Santhal and Chuar revolt were amoing those.
The revolt of the monks (Sannyasi Bidroha) lasted for long. Once they reached near Calcutta. Hastings took several steps to suppress the revolt.