Thursday, June 2, 2011

British Parliament and East India Company

East India Company Acts of ParliamentFrom FIBIwiki

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Date Portcullis Reference Title Description
1708Merged the two East India Companies
1719An act outlawing British subjects from trading to the East Indies in foreign ships, or trading to and from the East Indies to other parts except Great Britain.
1732A follow up of the 1719 Act for the better prevention of British subjects train to the East Indies under foreign flags.
1739An act closing a loophole in the 1719 Act allowing people to trade to and from the East Indies via Ireland.
1767Townsends Charter Act This Act recognised the acquisition of the Diwani of Bengal, Bihar and Orissa in lieu of an annual tribute to His Majesty's exchequer
1772HL/PO/JO/10/3/263/54East India Company Bill Petition of United Company of Merchants of England trading to East Indies
1773HC/CL/JO/8/136-7Regulating Act Under this Act, the governor of fort william was given primacy over other presidencies. He was designated as 'Governor General and Council of the Presidency of Fort William in Bengal'. A four member Council was appointed by parliament to assist the Governor General.
1781Charter Act Superceded the 1773 Act
1784Pitt's India Act Formed the board of control in London, and the Governor General's designation was changed into 'Governor General in Council' and the commander-in-chief of the King's army in India became an ex-officio member of the Council.
1780Europa ActAn act for granting further time for allowing the Drawback on the exportation of coffee imported by the East India Company, in the ship Europa in the year 1775
1786An act to allow the East India Company to raise money by sale of annuities
1786A supplementary the Bill to Pitt's India Act for regulating the trial of persons who commit offences in the East Indies. Lord Cornwallis was appointed as the first Governor-General, and he then became the effective ruler of British India under the authority of the Board of Control and the Court of Directors.
1793Charter Act
1813East India ActAbolished the monopoly of the EIC in India, but it kept it in China
1817Supplementary to the 1813 East India Act which to regulate the trade to and from the places within the Limits of the Charter of the East India Company, and certain possessions of George III in the mediterranean. Clarifies that British merchants may trade with Company possessions except China.
1833Charter Act Abolished the monopoly of EIC trade with China. Replaced the Governor-General and Council of Fort William with the Governor-General and Council of India
1853Charter Act Abolished the company's trading right and privilege of patronage. the Company had to rule India on behalf of the Crown
1858India ActEIC abolished. The Governor General became a Viceroy