Friday, July 2, 2010

Vietnam War (contd-8)

In May 1961, Vice-president Lyndon B. Johnsonvisited Saigon and enthusiastically declared "Diem the Winston Churchill of Asia". Kennedy's policy towards South Vietnam rested on the assumption that Diem and his Forces must ultimately defeat the guerrillas on their own.Kennedy did not want to employ large number military forces in this battle field for military and political reasons. But the poor quality,bad leadership, corruption and political promotions all played in the opposite direction of the war and in april 1962, John Kenneth Galbraith warned Kennedy of the dangerahead. By 1963, 16,000 military personnel in South Vietnam, up from Eisenhower's 900 advisors. As the govt refused to undertake land reform, which left farmers paying high rents to a few wealthy landlords. On July 23, 1962, fourteen nations including People's Republic of China, South Vietnam, Soviet Union and North Vietnam and the United States, signed an agreement promising the neutrality of laos.