Wednesday, July 28, 2010

Government and Politics of Mongolia

State Great Khural Chamber :In January 26 1952,Yumjaagiin tsedenbal took power.In 1956 and again in 1962, Choibalsan's personality cult was condemned at the ruling Mongolian People's revolutionary Party Central committee Plenum.Mongolia continued to align itself closely with the Soviet Union,specially after the Sino-soviet split of te late 1950s . In the 1980s an estimated  55,000 soviet troops were based in Mongolia . while Tsedenbalwas visiting Moscow in August 1984. his severe illness prompted the parliament to announce his retirement and replace him with Jambyn Batmaonk.Democratic RevolutionThe intrduction of perestroika and glasnost in the USSR by Mikhail Gorbachev strongly influenced Mongolian politics leading to the peaceful Democratic revolution and the intrductionof a multiparty system and market economy. A new constitution was introducedd in 1992, and the People's Republic was dropped from the country's name. The transition to market economy was often rocky , the early 1990s saw high inflation and food shortages. the first election won for non-communist parties came in 1993and 1996.Government and Politics:  Mongolia is a parliamentary Republic. parliament is elected by the people in turn elects he Govt. The President is elected directly.Mongolia's constitution guarantees full freedom of expression, religion and others. Mongolia has a number of political parties, The biggest one is the Mongolian People's Revolutionary Party (MPRP)and the Democratic Party (DP).MPRP formed the Govt of the country from 1921-1996 ( until 1990 in a one Party system)and from 2000-2004 from 2004-2006 it was part of a coalition with the DP and the two other parties.and since 2006 it has been the dominating party But DP was the dominant party in coalition between 1996-2000.MPRP won the the last round of parliamentary elections , held in 2008.  

Sukhbaatar Square in front of the Saaral Ordon that houses the office of the Prime Minister and President.