Wednesday, July 14, 2010

Communist Party of Vietnam (contd-1)

First National Conference: The congress was held in Macao, secretly, simultaneously with the seventh congress of the Cominterm. At that Cominterm Congress, the doctrine was changed from a united front for world revolution to an anti-fascist front. The Macao meeting, therefore, only made provisional recomendations until receiving policy from Moscow. Under this strategy, the ICM regarded all nationalist parties as potential allies.
Second National Party Congress : Held in Tuyen Quang, a former province of the north, controlled by the Viet Minh during the( First Indochina war),also known as the Viet Minh War. It re-established the ICP, which had been officially dissolved in 1945 to obscure the Party's communist affiliation , and renamed it the Vietnam Worker's Party (VWP, Dang Lao Dong Vietnam ).
Third National Party Conference
Held in Hanoi in 1960, it formalized the goals of creating a socialist society in the North and conducting a revolution in the south.
Fourth National Party Congress
This was held in 1976, was the first such congress held after the country's re-unification. Refflecting the Party's sense of rebirth,, the congress changed the party's name from the Vietnam Worker's Party (VWP, Dang Lao Dong Viet Nam) to the Vietnam communist Party. It set a formal policy of unification of the north and South, with a new Party Statute with a goal to "realize socialism and communism in Vietnam." It further described the VCP as the "vanguard , organised combat staff, and highest organization" of the Vietnamese Working Class, and a "united bloc of will and action" structured on the principle of Democratic  Centralism.
There was much emphasis on economics. The Fourth National Party Congress transferred the party's emphasis on heavy industry, initiated at the Third National Party Congress, to light industry, fishing, forestry, and agriculture.
Other objectives included ;
1. centralized economic management
2. better use of prices to regulate supply and demand
3. budgets to implement economic development programs
4. tax policy to control sources of income
5. banks to supply capital for production
The role of the military was redefined between party pragmatists, who saw the army as a supplement to the labor force, and the more doctrinaire theoriticians, who saw the military as a fighting force, with which economic missions would interfere.