Tuesday, July 13, 2010
Communist Party of Vietnam
At the founding Congress, it was formed in 1930 but, on orders of the Comintern, changed its name to Indochinese Communist Party, and subsequently changed names several times with changes in the original Govt. through war and diplomacy. Currently, it is defined by the constitution of 1980 as the only force leading the state and society and the main factor
determining all successes of the Vietnamese revolution.
In Feb 1930 in Hong Kong, Ho Chi Minh presided over the founding congress of the VCP. At the direction of the Communist International (Comintern), the party's name was changed shortly afterwards to the Indochinese Communist Party (ICP).The party program included;
1. Over throw of the French,
2. establishment of Vietnamese independence,
3. establishment of a workers', peasants', and soldiers' government
4. Organisation of workers' militia
5. cancellation of public debt
6. confiscation of means of production and their transfer to the proletarian government
7. distribution of French-owned lands to the peasants
8. suppression of taxes, establishment of an eight-hour work day
9. development of crafts and agriculture
10. institution of freedom of organization
11. establishment of education for all.
These proposals were made at a time of worldwide economic depression (1929-1933).While Vietnamese urban proletariat had increased four times, working conditions and salaries had improved little.The number of strikes rose more than tenfold, and French investors, avoiding risk, withdrew their capital from Indochina. The tax burden on peasants was regressive, and it was also a time of floods and famine. Even the colonial government cut its staff by one-seventh and salaries by one-quarter.