Wednesday, February 19, 2014

List of Wars involved by England (1707-1922)

This is a list of wars involving the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland from 1922 to the present day, those involving the Kingdom of Great Britain from 1707–1801 and those involving the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland from 1801–1922.
During its history, British forces or forces with a British mandate have invaded, had some control over or fought conflicts in 171 of the world's 193 countries that are currently UN member states, or nine out of ten of all countries

Kingdom of Great Britain (1707–1801)[edit]

StartFinishName of ConflictBelligerents (excluding Britain)Outcome
17001721The Great Northern WarRussia Tsardom of Russia
Sweden Swedish Empire
Coalition victory:
17011714The War of the Spanish Succession
Holy Roman Empire Austria
Treaty of Utrecht:
  • Territory in Canada and the West Indies ceded from France
  • Territory in Europe ceded from Spain
17151715Civil War:
Government forcesJacobites
Jacobite restoration attempt defeated
17171720The War of the Quadruple Alliance
 Holy Roman Empire
Jacobites (against the British Crown and Government only)
Treaty of The Hague:
  • Spanish attempt at expansion fails
17211725Dummer's War FranceCapture of Norridgewock
17401748The War of the Austrian Succession
Holy Roman Empire Austria
Treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle:
17451746Civil War:
Government forcesJacobitism Jacobite restoration attempt defeated
17491754The Second Carnatic War East India Company
Kingdom of France French East India Company
Mughal Empire Forces of Chanda Shahib
Treaty of Pondicherry:
17561763Seven Years' War Prussia
 France Treaty of Paris:
  • Extensive North American lands (incl. all of Canada) ceded from France
  • Caribbean colonies ceded from France
  • Senagal River colony (excluding Gorée) ceded from France
  • Florida ceded from Spain
17571763The Third Carnatic War East India Company France
Treaty of Paris:
  • French trading posts in India administered by British
  • Sumatra ceded from France
17581761Anglo-Cherokee WarCherokeePro-BritishAttakullakullabecomes Cherokee leader
17631766Pontiac's RebellionConfederation of First Nation TribesStalemate:
  • British policy change
  • British suzerainty over First Nation Tribes
  • Niagara Falls area ceded from Seneca Nation
17661769First Anglo-Mysore War East India Company
 Kingdom of MysoreBritish defeat, Hyderabad cedes territory to Mysore
17741783First Anglo-Maratha War East India Company Maratha EmpireTreaty of Salbai:
  • Salsette Island ceded from Maratha Empire
  • Territory west ofJumna Riverceded to Maratha Empire
  • Maratha support for Britain against Mysore
17751783American Revolutionary War
American War of Independence
 United States
Treaty of Paris:
  • 13 British colonies granted independence as the United States
  • Territory in North America ceded to new United States
  • Senegal River colony returned to France
  • French recognises British suzerainty over the Gambia river
  • Territory in India returned to France
  • Minorca ceded to Spain
  • East & West Florida ceded to Spain
    • All British settlers to be expelled from Florida
  • De-militarisation ofBritish Honduras
  • Territory in India ceded by the Dutch
178017842nd Anglo-Mysore War East India Company
 Kingdom of MysoreTreaty of Mangalore:
178917923rd Anglo-Mysore War East India Company
 Kingdom of Mysore
Treaty of Seringapatnam:
  • Half of Mysore territory ceded to East India Company
17931797The War of the First CoalitionHoly Roman Empire Austria
France French Republic
Treaty of Campo Formio
17931796War in the VendéeKingdom of France French RoyalistsFrance French RepublicBritish-backed rebellion defeated
17951816Hawkesbury and Nepean WarsUnited Kingdom Loyalists
Burrberongal Tribe
 Irish-convict sympathisers
British Victory
Displacement of Aborigines from their land
17981798Irish Rebellion of 1798Hesse Hesse-Homburg United Irishmen
Rebellion defeated
1801 Act of Union
179817994th Anglo-Mysore War East India Company
 Kingdom of Mysore
Complete annexation of Mysore by Britain and allies
17991802War of the Second CoalitionHoly Roman Empire Austria
France French Republic
Treaty of Amiens:
  • General French victory
  • Britain recognises the French Republic
  • Cape Colony returned to the French clientBatavian Republic
  • British withdrawal from Egypt
  • French withdrawal from the Papal States
  • Trinidad and Tobago ceded from France
  • Ceylon ceded from the Batavian Republic

United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland (1801–1922)[edit]

StartFinishName of conflictBelligerents (excluding Britain)Outcome
18011807Temne WarSusu tribesKingdom of KoyaNorthern shore of Sierra Leone ceded by Koya
18021805Second Anglo-Maratha War East India Company Maratha EmpireExtensive territory in India ceded by the Maratha Empire
18031805First Kandyan War KandyTerritory captured from Kandy
18031803Civil War: United Kingdom Loyalists Forces of Robert EmmetRebellion defeated
18031805War of the Third Coalition Austrian Empire
France French Empire
Fourth Peace of Preßburg:
18061807War of the Fourth Coalition Prussia
France French Empire
Treaties of Tilsit:
  • French victory
  • Half of Prussia ceded to French allies
  • Russia exits the war
  • Anglo-Russian War begins
18061807British invasions of the Río de la Plata Spain Invasion defeated
18061807Ashanti-Fante War Ashanti EmpireFante Confederacy
18071809Anglo-Turkish War Ottoman EmpireTreaty of the Dardanelles:
  • Turkish victory
  • Commercial and legal concessions to British interests within the Ottoman Empire
  • Promise to protect the empire against French encroachment
18071814Gunboat WarDenmark Denmark-NorwayTreaty of Kiel:
  • Denmark and Norway split up
  • Heligolandceded from Denmark
18071812Anglo-Russian War Russian EmpireTreaty of Örebro:
  • Anglo-Russian-Swedish pact against France
18071814Peninsular War Spain France French EmpireTreaty of Paris:
  • Bourbon dynastyrestored
  • Tobago, St. Lucia, Mautitius ceded from France
  • All other French possessions restored as per 1792 borders
  • Abolition of French Slave Trade
  • Swiss independence
18091809War of the Fifth Coalition Austrian Empire
France French Empire
Treaty of Schönbrunn:
  • Complete Austrian surrender
  • Peninsular War continued
18101817Merina Conquest of MadagascarMerina KingdomFrance French EmpireMerina control of Madagascar
Merina pro-British policies
181118124th Xhosa WarXhosa tribesXhosa tribes pushed beyond the Fish River, reversing their gains in the previous Xhosa wars
18111811Ga-Fante War Ashanti Empire
Fante Confederacy
Akwapim tribes
Akim tribes
Tantamkweri ceded to Akwapim tribes
18121815War of 1812United Kingdom Province of Upper Canada
United Kingdom Province of Lower Canada
United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland Great Britain
 United StatesTreaty of Ghent:
18151815Second Kandyan War KandyKandyan Convention:
  • Dissolution of the Kandy royal line
  • British King declared King of Kandy
18151815Hundred Days
War of the Seventh Coalition
France French Empire
Treaty of Paris:
  • Restoration of the House of Bourbon
  • Abolition of the slave trade (all signatories)
  • ₣100,000,000 compensation from France
18171818Third Anglo-Maratha War East India Company Maratha EmpireVirtually all territory south of the Sutlej River controlled by Britain
181818195th Xhosa WarKhoikhoi ForcesForces of Xhosa Chief Maqana NxeleXhosa pushed beyond Keiskama River
18201830Greek War of IndependenceGreece Greek revolutionaries
 Ottoman Empire
Establishment of the Kingdom of Greece
18231831First Ashanti War Ashanti EmpireBritish retreat to Sierra Leone
18241826First Anglo-Burmese War East India Company
Native tribes
Flag of the Alaungpaya Dynasty of Myanmar.svg Kingdom of BurmaTreaty of Yandabo:
  • Assam, Manipur, Rakhine, and Taninthayi coast south of Salween river ceded from Burmah
  • £1,000,000 compensation from Burma
18281834Portuguese Civil War Liberal Forces ofQueen Maria II
 Absolutist Forces ofKing MiguelConcession of Evoramonte:
  • Defeat and exile of King Miguel
18331840First Carlist WarSpain Forces of Queen Isabella II
Carlists: British mediatedConvention of Vergara
18341836The 6th Xhosa WarUnited Kingdom Free KhoikhoiXhosa tribesExtensive territorial gains from Xhosa
18371838Rebellions of 1837United Kingdom Province of Upper Canada
United Kingdom Province of Lower Canada
United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland Great Britain
 Patriote movement
United States American Volunteers
Hunters' Lodges
 Republic of Canada
Rebellion defeated
  • Pro-French policy in Québec ended
  • Lower andUpper Canadamerged into single province
18391842First Anglo-Afghan War East India Company Emirate of AfghanistanBritish retreat from Afghanistan
18391842First Opium War Manchu-ChinaTreaty of Nanking:
  • Five Chinese ports open to foreign trade
  • $21,000,000 compensation from the Qing Empire
  • Hong Kong Island ceded from the Qing Empire
18391851Uruguayan Civil War Colorados
British and French withdrawal before war's conclusion
Peace treaty with the Argentine Confederation[2][3]
Eventual Colorados victory
18451846First Anglo-Sikh War East India Company
Patiala flag.svg Patiala State
Nishan Sahib.svg Sikh EmpireTreaty of Lahore:
  • Extensive territory ceded from the Sikh Empire
  • Partial control over Sikh foreign affairs
18451846Flagstaff War Forces of Tāmati Wāka Nene Ngāpuhi IwiStalemate
18461846Hutt Valley Campaign Te Āti Awa Iwi Ngāti Toa IwiNgāti Toa Iwi retreat
18461847The 7th Xhosa War
The War of the Axe
Xhosa tribesTerritory ceded from Xhosa
18471847Wanganui Campaign Māori Kupapa Māori IwisStalemate
12 year peace and trade
18481849Second Anglo-Sikh War East India CompanyNishan Sahib.svg Sikh EmpireComplete annexation of the Punjab by the East India Company
18511853The 8th Xhosa War
Mlanjeni's War
Xhosa tribes
Khoikhoi tribes
United Kingdom Native Kafir Police
Xhosa-Khoi attacks defeated
18521853Second Anglo-Burmese WarFlag of the Alaungpaya Dynasty of Myanmar.svg Kingdom of BurmaBurmese revolution ended fighting
Lower Burmaannexed
18531856Crimean WarFrance French Empire
 Russian Empire
Treaty of Paris
18561857The National War in Nicaragua Costa Rica
American-Nicaraguan government defeated
Slavery outlawed
18561860Second Opium War
Arrow War
France French Empire
 Manchu-ChinaThe Treaty of Tientsin:
  • Kowloonceded from the Qing Empire
  • Pekingopened to foreign trade
  • 11 more Chinese ports opened to foreign trade
  • Yangtze River opened to foreign warships
  • 4,000,000taels of silver compensation
  • China banned from referring to subjects of the crown asbarbarians
18561857Anglo-Persian War Afghanistan
Persian withdrawal from Herat
18571858Indian Mutiny East India Company
 Sepoys of the East India Company Act for the Better Government of India:
18601861First Taranaki War
Second Māori War
 Māori Iwis
18631864Second Ashanti War Ashanti EmpireStalemate
18631866Invasion of Waikato
Third Māori War
 Māori Kupapa Māori King MovementMāori King Movement defeated, confined to King Country
18641865Bhutan War IndiaBhutanTreaty of Sinchula:
  • Bhutan cedes Assam Duars and Bengal Duars to India
  • Bhutan cedes territory in Dewangiri to India
18671874Klang War
Selangor Civil War
Forces of Raja Abdullah of Klang
Forces of Raja Mahadi
18681869Titokowaru's War  Māori Kupapa Ngāti Ruanui IwiNgāti Ruanui Iwi withdrawal
186818681868 Expedition to Abyssinia India AbyssiniaBritish hostages freed
18681872Te Kooti's War  Māori Kupapa Māori IwisEnd of New Zealand land wars
Territory ceded by Māori Iwis
18691869Red River Rebellion Dominion of Canada
 Métis Forces of Louis RielDefeat of rebellion
18731874Third Ashanti War Ashanti EmpireTreaty of Fomena:
  • 50,000 oz of gold compensation from Ashanti Empire
  • Ashanti withdrawal from coastal areas
  • Ashanti banned from practicing human sacrifice
18771878The 9th Xhosa War Mfengu TribeXhosa Gcaleka TribeAll Xhosa territory annexed to the Cape Colony
18781880Second Anglo-Afghan War IndiaFlag of Afghanistan (1880–1901).svg AfghanistanBritish control over Afghan foreign affairs
18791879Anglo-Zulu WarUnited Kingdom NatalZulu KingdomZululand annexed to Natal
18801881First Boer War South African RepublicPretoria Convention:
  • South African Republic granted self-government
18841889Mahdist War Egypt
Mahdist SudanSudan ruled by Britain and Egypt
18851885Third Anglo-Burmese WarFlag of the Alaungpaya Dynasty of Myanmar.svg Kingdom of BurmaUpper Burmaannexed to British Raj
18881888Sikkim Expedition IndiaTibetTibet recognizes British suzerainty over Sikkim
18961896Anglo-Zanzibar War ZanzibarPro-British Sultan installed
18991901Boxer Rebellion Japan
Righteous Harmony Society
Boxer Protocol:
  • Anti-foreign societies banned in China
18991902Second Boer War Orange Free State
Treaty of Vereeniging:
  • All Boers to surrender arms and swear allegiance to the Crown
  • Dutch language permitted in education
  • Promise to grant Boer republics self-government
  • £3,000,000 compensation "reconstruction aid" to Afrikaners
19011902Anglo-Aro WarFlag of the Aro Confederacy.svg Aro ConfederacyAro Confederacy destroyed
19031904British expedition to Tibet India TibetStatus quo ante bellum
19141918World War I India
Treaty of Versailles:
  • German demobilisation
Treaties of Saint-Germain-en-Layeand Trianon:
Russia pulls out in 1917
  • Russian Civil War
    • Creation of the Soviet Union
      • Josef V. Stalin Rises to power
Creation ofLeague of Nations:
19181920Allied intervention in the Russian Civil War  Soviet Russia
Allied withdrawal from Russia
Bolshevik victory over White Army
  • Soviet Union new Russian Power
  • Josef Stalin Rise to power
19191923Turkish War of Independence Greece
Turkey Turkish NationalistsTreaty of Lausanne:
  • Turkish Nationalist victory
  • British withdrawal
  • End of the Ottoman Empire
19191919Third Anglo-Afghan War India AfghanistanFull Afghan independence
19191921Irish War of IndependenceUnited Kingdom LoyalistsRepublic of Ireland Irish RepublicAnglo-Irish Treaty:
19201920Somaliland campaign (1920) British Somaliland
 Dervish StateDemise of the Dervish State
19201920Great Iraqi Revolution of 1920 Iraqi rebelsRevolt suppressed, greater autonomy given to Iraq

United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland (1922–present)

StartFinishName of ConflictBelligerents (excluding Britain)Outcome
19361939Great Arab Revolt in PalestineJewish Settlement Police
Jewish Supernumerary Police
Special Night Squads
Peulot Meyuhadot
Peace Bands
 Arab Higher CommitteeRevolt suppressed
19381948British–Zionist conflictHaganah
Lehi.jpg Lehi
British withdrawal and creation ofIsrael
19391945World War IIThe Allies
Axis Powers
Total defeat for Axis Powers. British, French, American,and Soviet troops occupy Germany until 1955.Italy and Japan lose all of their colonies.
19451949Indonesian National Revolution Netherlands
 Japan (Until 1945)
 IndonesiaNetherlands recognises Indonesian Independence
19441948Greece Kingdom of Greece Kingdom of Greece
United States USA
Albania Albania Britain withdraws most support from March 1947, US provides support, Greek Government overcomes revolt. At least 1 Battalion UK troops still in Greece till 1948
19451946Vietnam  India
North Vietnam Viet MinhFirst Indochina War begins
19481960Malayan Emergency Malaya
Flag of the Communist Party of Malaya.png Malayan Communist Party
Communist retreat from Malaya
Malayan independence
19501953Korean War South Korea
 North Korea
  • Communist invasion of South Korea defeated
  • UN invasion of North Korea repulsed
19511954Suez Canal Zone EmergencyEgyptAgreement for Britain to withdraw from Canal zone Bases, last British troops left June 1956
19521960Mau Mau Uprising British East AfricaKenya Mau MauDefeat of Mau Mau
Kenyan independence
19551960Cyprus emergencyEOKA.jpg EOKAIndependence of Cyprus
19561957Suez CrisisFrance France
Egypt EgyptIsraeli occupation of Sinai
Anglo-French withdrawal
19561962Border CampaignIrishRepublicanFlag.png Irish Republican ArmyIRA campaign fails
19621966Indonesia–Malaysia confrontation Malaysia
 IndonesiaIndonesia recognises Malaysian rule over formerNorth Borneo
19621975Dhofar Rebellion Oman
 Various insurgentsInsurgency defeated
Modernisation of Oman
19631967Aden EmergencyFederation of South Arabia Federation of South ArabiaPeople's Democratic Republic of Yemen NLF
British withdrawal
People's Republic of South Yemenestablished
19681998The TroublesIrishRepublicanFlag.png Republican paramilitaries
Northern Ireland Unionist paramilitaries
Good Friday Agreement:
  • Devolution in Northern Ireland
  • Power-sharing deal
19821982Falklands War ArgentinaThe Falklands are retaken from Argentina
19821984Multinational Force in Lebanon France
 SyriaBritain provides smaller contribution than other 3 powers from Feb 1983, while the 3 others had intervened in Aug 1982, Britain, US, and Italy left in Feb 1984, with the French leaving by March 31 1984.
19911991Gulf War Kuwait
 IraqKuwait regains its independence
19921996Bosnian War NATO Republika SrpskaDayton Accords
19981998Operation Desert Fox United States IraqCeasefire; objectives largely achieved
19981999Kosovo War United States
 YugoslaviaKosovo occupied by Nato forces
Kosovo administered by UNMIK
20002002Sierra Leone Civil War Sierra LeoneSierra Leone Rebels Rebels defeated
2001War in Afghanistan

Fourth Anglo-Afghan War[4]
 United States
Germany Germany
Italy Italy
France France
Poland Poland
Romania Romania
Turkey Turkey
Australia Australia
Spain Spain
ISAF-Logo.svg ISAF
Afghanistan Islamic Emirate of AfghanistanFall of Taliban régime
Osama bin Laden killed
Ongoing Taliban insurgency
20032009Iraq War United States
 Iraq underSaddam Hussein
Fall ofBa'athist rule in Iraq
Occupation of southern Iraq
British withdrawal in 2009, conflict ended in 2011
20112011Libyan interventionMany NATO NATOmembers acting under United Nations UN mandate, including:
Libya Pro-Gaddafifo