Industry in Iceland
Iceland has few key industries that form the backbone of the society that here exists. Fishing, processing of fish, aluminum, strong energy industry, tourism and agriculture.
The fishing areas around Iceland are among the best in the world due to the Gulfstream and the location of the island. The foundation for the society that Iceland has now is built on these rich fishing areas.
Tourism has been a booming industry, and Iceland‘s stunning nature and massive dynamics in landscape has been the main attraction. The glacier lagoon Jökulsárlón, Blue Lagoon, the hot spring Geysir and the waterfall Gullfoss are among the biggest attraction for tourists that come to the country. In the year 2008 over to 500.000 people came to Iceland which is a staggering number compared to the population of only 320.000.
Höfn has certainly got its share of the traffic coming to the country and it would be enough to mention the largest glacier in Europe, Vatnajökull, on that subject. How the glaciers have sculptured the landscape here and their vicinity to the people here have had their influences, mostly negative, throughout the centuries. The volcano activity also bears a mark on the area around, especially in the district Öræfi, where the entire area was destroyed in a massive downfall of ash from the eruption of the volcano under the glacier Öræfajökull at 1362.
Agriculture has diminish through the years as a major export industry though it has evolved into a much diverse industry over the years. Sheep, cows, ducks, hens for example are among the animals that have been domesticated here.The freshness of Icelandic agricultural products are among the highest in the world since we do not inject our animals with steroids to enlarge them, nor give them genetically engineered corn. The animal stocks in Iceland have been isolated since the settlement of the country and thus they haven’t changed much since then. The Icelandic horse is a fine example of an animal that has adapted to Icelandic nature. The Icelandic sheep is awesome.
Written by Einar Björn and Jóhann Kristófer.