i)itreflects the peculiarities of Italian colonial policies pattern in Africa in contrast to the general policy of British and French pattern in Africa.
ii) Italian policy shifted shifted from an early emphasis on either colonialism (182-1896) through a period of uncertainty (1897-1906)
iii) This was resolved by Governer Martini who laid the foundations for an era of rational
imperialism (1906-1932) during which Eritrea Eritrea was exploitedas a source of raw materials and colonial soldiers, and as a base for penetrating Ethiopia.
iv)Finally, during the later fascist period (1932-1941) the policy of settlercolonisation was revived on a massive scale with an emphasis on urban- industrial development.
Eritrean war of independence
The Eritrean war of indepenence (1961-1991) was a conflict fought between the Ethiopian Govt. and Eritrean revolutionaries.the war went for 30 years when the Eritrean People's Liberation Front (EPLF)having defeated the Ethiopian forces in Eritrea. In April 1993, in a referendum supported by Ethiopia, the Eritrean people voted almost unanimously in favour of independence. The formal international recognitionof an independentand sovereign Eritrea followed later the same year.
the two main rebel groups fought two Eritrean civil wars during the war of liberation.
War memorial square in Massawa, Eritrea
Massacres committed duing the war of independence
GDP (Atlas method) PPP est.2003
IMF/WB/CIA (st. 2007)
Pictures from Internet
Sheiled volcano of Ethiopia as seen from Eritrea
Temp. meas. from Eritrea of the volcano