Saturday, December 13, 2008


The colonialism is defined as the extension of a nation's sovereignty over territory beyond its borders by the establishment of either settler or exploitation colonies in which indigeneous populations are ruled, displaced, or exterminated. Colonizing nations generally dominate the resources, labour and markets of the colonial territory, and may also impose socio-cultural-religious and linguistic structures on the indigeneous population. It is essentially a system of irect political, economic and cultural intervention and hegemonyby a powerful country on a weaker one. Though the word colonialism is often used interchangeably with imperialism, the latter is sometimes used more broadly as it covers control exercised informally ( via influence) as well as formal military control or economic leverage.
The term colonialism may also be used to refer to an ideology or a set of beliefs used to legitimize or promote this system. Colonialism was often based on the ethnocentric belief that the morals and values of the colonizer were superior to those of the colonized- some observers link such beliefs to racism and pseudo-scintific theories dating from the 18th. to the 19th. centuries. In the western worl, this led to a form of proto-social Darwinism that placed white people at the top of the animal kingdom, naturally in charge of dominating non-European aboriginal populations.(From Wikipedia)
The discussion on colonialism, at this stage, is done in two ways ;

1. Types of Colonies,From about 750 B.C. the Greeks began 250 years of expansion , settling colonies in all directions. The other examples range from large empire like the Roman empire, the Arab Empire, the Mongol Empire, the Ottoman Empire.

The Roman Empire under Trajan in 117 A.D.

The expansion of the Arab Empire under the Umayyads

The Mongol empire and its successorkhanates

Conquest of the Ottoman empire

World map of Colonialismin 1800

the map of the world in 1900

World map of colonisation at the end of the Second
World War in 1945

World Colonisation in 1492-2008

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