Sunga dynasty was established in 185 BCE, about 50 years after Ashoka's death when the king Brihadrata was assassinated by the then commander-in-chief of the Mauryan armed forces, Pusyamitra Sunga, while he was taking the Fuard of Honour of his forces Pusymitra Sunga then ascended the throne.Pusyamitra died after ruling for 36 years (187 - 151 BCE). He was succeeded by his son Agnimitra.This prince was the hero of a famous drama by one of India's greatest playrights,Kalidasa. Agnimitra was the Viceroy of Vidisha when the story takes place. The power of the Sungas gradually weakened. It is said that there were ten Sunga kings.
The Sungas were succeeded by the Kanvadynasty.
Cultural Contribution :
While there is much debate in religious politics of the Sunga dynasty, it is recognized for a number of contribution.Art, Education, philosophy, and other learning fowered during this period. Mostly notably, Patanjali's Yoga Sutras and Mahabhasa were composed in this period, Panini composed the first sanskrit grammarian Ashtadyai . It is also noted for its subsequent mention in the Malavikaagnimitra. This work was composed by Kalidasa in the later Gupta period, and romanticized the love of Malavika and the king Agnimitra, with a background of court intrigue. Artistry also progressed.
The last Sunga king was Devabhuti (83-73 BCE), he was assassinated by his minister Vasudeva Kanva who became the next king.