Thursday, September 16, 2010

Satavahana Dynasty and Kharavelan Empire

The Satavahana Dynasty, also known as the Andhras, ruled in southern and central India after around 230 BC. Satakarni the sixth ruler of the Satavahana Dynasty, defeated the Sunga Empire of north India.  
Afterwards, the Kharavela, the warrior king of Kalinga, ruled a vast empire  and was responsible for the propagation of Jainism in the Indian subcontinent. The Kharavellan Jain empire included a formidable maritime empire with trading routes linking it to Sri Lanka, Burma, Thailand, Vietnam, Cambodia, Bornea, Bali, Sumatra, and Java colonists from Kalinga settled in Sri Lanka, Burma as well as Maldives  and the Malay archipelago.  
the Kuninda Kingdom was a small Himalyan state that survived from around the 2nd century BCE to roughly the 3rd century CE.  The Kushans migrated from the central asia into the north western India in the middle of the 1st centuy CE and founded an empire that eventually stretched from Tajikistan to the middle Ganges.The Western Satraps (35-305 CE) were Saka rulers of the western and central part of India.They are the successors of The Inod-Scythians and contemporaries of the Kushans who ruled the northern part of the Indian Subcontinentand the Satvahana who ruled the central and the southern India.
Different dynasties such as Pandyms, Cholas, Cheras, Kadambas, Pallavas, Chalukyas dominated the southern part of the Indian peninsula at different periods of time.