Sunday, September 19, 2010
Economic Development during Magadh and Maurya
Increase of trade and cottage industry induced the increase of Cities. There were 570 forts and more than 60 gates to be crossed to ereach the capital Pataliputra. System of coins was began to start. Private ownership of land was also increased at that time.
The total land of the country was divided in small quantities amongst the cultivators. these cultivators were called the free-man . These freemen unitedly prepared by donating their labour the streetsn roads, pools, ponds etc. If any body refused to do any work he or she was penalised by fines. These united body ina village not only was responsible for their own development work they were also a safety valve for any external attack, which was studied by Karl marx in 1857-58 and wrote his observation in Grundrisse .
One-sixth of the of the production from land was usually allotted as their tax payable to the King's exchequer which may icrease or decrease as per natural conditions.
Thou the slve system was started during Vedic period it graduaaly icreased in Maurya dynasty. These slaves were divided amongst the free-men according to the terms and condition. There were different types of slaves. They were being used as the furniture of the owner.
Use of daily labour was also in practice. Their wage in case land was one tenth of the production.