Wednesday, September 8, 2010

Aryan, Civilisation (contd-1)

The Vedas : Aryan beliefs and daily life are described in the four Vedas, a collections of poems and sacred hymns, composed in about 1500 BCE. Veda means knowledge. The Vedas are composed of the  Rig, Sama,Yajur, and Atharva Vedas.This is why the period from roughly 1500 BCE to 1000 BCE is called the Vedic Period. It is named after the Vedas. The Ramayana and the Mahabharata : Around  1000 BCE, the Aryans started to create two marvelous epics . We know about daily life during this period from these famous epics, the Ramayana and the Mahabharata.   
These epics are stories about the life of Aryans, their wars, and accomplishment. How did the Aryans live ? The Aryans clans, or tribes, settled in different regions of north-western India. The tribes were called 'Gana' means collection of people.The chief of each tribe was an hereditary job. If your father was the chief, someday, you would be chief. It was the only way to become a chief. The chief made a decision after listening from a committee or perhaps even to the entire tribe. People had a voice, but the chief was the boss. Aryan houses :      The people in theVedic period lived in straw and wooden huts.Some houses were made of wood, but not until later, during the epics period. The life  of the tribal Aryans was focused around the central fireplace called the Yagna. Dinner time was social time. The tribe would gather around the central fireplace, and share news, and the days happenings.The fire tenders were the go- between between the fire god and the people. These fire tenders, later on, formed the caste of priests. The Aryans ate meat, vegetables, fruit, bread, milk, and fish. The word for guest was Go-Ghna or eater of beef. What they do at their leisure hour:     The Aryans loved to gamble. They introduced the horse to ancient India and raced chariots. They played fighting games. They loved to tell stories. They were deeply religious.They had many gods and Goddesses.
 Jobs: As the Aryans setled in and began to grow crops people started to have occupations.In each tribe people began to one of four groups: The Brahmman (priests), Kshatriya (warriors), Vaisyha (traders), and Sudra (workers).In the beginning , these were just occupations and were changeable.but after some time it became dependent on the birth and change from one group to the other became difficult.
Education : Kids were taught by a Guru even in the case of the kids of a chief.Writing was done on leaves. Clothing were initially done from the animal's skin.later it was replaced by cotton.