Wednesday, June 16, 2010

Vietnam, Ho Chi Minh

Nguyen Sinh Cung, also known as Nguyen Ai Quoc, born on 19 May, 1890 in Hoang Tru Village,Vietnam, was a Communist Revolutionary and statesman who became prime Minister (1946-1955) and president of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam (north Vietnam). He led the Viet Minh independence movement from 1941 onward and established the Communist Government in Democratic  Republic of Vietnam in 1945defeating the French Union in 1954 at Dien Bien Phu.
He was born in mother's hometown .but was brought up in his paternal residence of Kim Lien Village, Vietnam. Minh studied with his father, a teacher, before going to school with a scholar named Vuong Thuc Do. He quickly mastered Chinese writing , a requisite for any serious study of Confucianism, while honing his colquial Vietnamese writing. In addition to his studies, he was fond of flying kites, going  fishing etc.At the age 10, his father gave him a new nam, Nguyen Tat Thanh. In defence to his father Cung received a French education, attended lycee in Hue, the alma mater of his later disciples.He later left his studies and chose to teach at Duc Thanh school in Phan Thiet. 
In the USA
Minh joined to work, in 1912, as a cook's helper on a ship and travelled to the United States. From 1912 to 1913, he lived in New York (Harlem)and Boston, where he workedd as a baker at the Parker House Hotel. He began to work different kinds of menial jobs. He worked for a wealth family in Brooklyn between 1917 and 1918, during this time he was influenced by Marcus Garvey in Harlem. It is believed that while in the Unidted States he made contact with Korean nationalists, an experience that developed his political outlook.